Dec 032014

Updated Dec. 4

The Fish and Wildlife Service has released a new candidate species list that includes 18 Hawaiian flowering plants and four ferns found on one or more of the Hawaiian Islands. One other species is making its first appearance on the list: the Ma‘oma‘o, "a large, dusky olive-green honeyeater native to Upolu and Savaii, Independent Samoa (Samoa), and Tutuila Island, American Samoa, but now only found in small populations on the islands of Savaii and Upolu," FWS said in a news release.

One species was taken off the list -- Packard’s milkvetch – "based on the reduction of the species’ primary threat from off-highway vehicle use, the increase in the number of known locations which increased the overall population, and the species’ overall stable population status over a five-year monitoring period." The plant occurs in Payette County, Idaho.

The CNOR (for Candidate Notice of Review) will be published in the Federal Register Friday, Dec. 5. It went on public inspection Dec. 4.

Here's the list without the new candidates. Here's a Center for Biological Diversity news release on the subject

Candidate species

Inverted Common Name Scientific Name Where Listed Lead Region Listing Status
`Aiea Nothocestrum latifolium 1 C
Amphipod, Kenk's Stygobromus kenki Entire 5 C
`Anunu Sicyos macrophyllus 1 C
Bacora, marron Solanum conocarpum 4 C
Bat, Pacific sheath-tailed Emballonura semicaudata semicaudata American Samoa 1 C
Buckwheat, Frisco Eriogonum soredium 6 C
Bully, Everglades Sideroxylon reclinatum ssp. austrofloridense 4 C
Butterfly, Hermes copper Lycaena hermes Entire 8 C
Butterfly, Puerto Rico harlequin Atlantea tulita Entire 4 C
Caddisfly, Sequatchie Glyphopsyche sequatchie Entire 4 C
Cave beetle, Baker Station Pseudanophthalmus insularis Entire 4 C
Cave beetle, Clifton Pseudanophthalmus caecus Entire 4 C
Cave beetle, coleman Pseudanophthalmus colemanensis Entire 4 C
Cave beetle, Fowler's Pseudanophthalmus fowlerae Entire 4 C
Cave beetle, icebox Pseudanophthalmus frigidus Entire 4 C
Cave beetle, Indian Grave Point (=Soothsayer) Pseudanophthalmus tiresias Entire 4 C
Cave beetle, inquirer Pseudanophthalmus inquisitor Entire 4 C
Cave beetle, Louisville Pseudanophthalmus troglodytes Entire 4 C
Cave beetle, Nobletts Pseudanophthalmus paulus Entire 4 C
Cave beetle, Tatum Pseudanophthalmus parvus Entire 4 C
Chipmunk, Penasco least Tamias minimus atristriatus Entire 2 C
Chub, headwater Gila nigra Entire 2 C
Chub, roundtail Gila robusta Lower Colorado River Basin DPS 2 C
clover, Frisco Trifolium friscanum 6 C
Crabgrass, Florida pineland Digitaria pauciflora 4 C
Crake, spotless Porzana tabuensis American Samoa pop 1 C
Cress, Tahoe yellow Rorippa subumbellata 8 C
Damselfly, orangeblack Hawaiian Megalagrion xanthomelas Entire 1 C
Darter, Arkansas Etheostoma cragini Entire 6 C
Darter, Cumberland arrow Etheostoma sagitta Entire 4 C
Darter, Kentucky arrow Etheostoma spilotum Entire 4 C
Darter, Pearl Percina aurora Entire 4 C
`Ena`ena Pseudognaphalium (=Gnaphalium) sandwicensium var. molokaiense 1 C
Fatmucket, Texas Lampsilis bracteata Entire 2 C
Fawnsfoot, Texas Truncilla macrodon Entire 2 C
fern, Maui Microlepia strigosa var. mauiensis 1 C
Fescue, Guadalupe Festuca ligulata 2 C
Flax, sand Linum arenicola 4 C
Frog, Columbia spotted Rana luteiventris Great Basin DPS 8 C
Frog, relict leopard Lithobates onca Entire 8 C
Ground-Dove, Friendly Gallicolumba stairi American Samoa DPS 1 C
Holei Ochrosia haleakalae 1 C
Hornshell, Texas Popenaias popei Entire 2 C
Kampua`a Kadua (=Hedyotis) fluviatilis 1 C
Kolea Myrsine fosbergii 1 C
maiden fern, Boyds Cyclosorus boydiae 1 C
Makou Ranunculus hawaiensis 1 C
Makou Ranunculus mauiensis 1 C
Ma`oli`oli Schiedea pubescens 1 C
Mariposa lily, Siskiyou Calochortus persistens 8 C
Massasauga (=rattlesnake), eastern Sistrurus catenatus Entire 3 C
Milkvetch, Goose Creek Astragalus anserinus 6 C
Milkvetch, Packard's Astragalus cusickii var. packardiae 1 C
Milk-vetch, Schmoll Astragalus schmolliae 6 C
Milkvetch, skiff Astragalus microcymbus 6 C
milkvetch, Sleeping Ute Astragalus tortipes 6 C
Moth, rattlesnake-master borer Papaipema eryngii Entire 3 C
Mudalia, black Elimia melanoides Entire 4 C
Murrelet, Guadalupe Synthliboramphus hypoleucus Entire 8 C
Nanu Gardenia remyi 1 C
Naucorid bug (=Furnace Creek), Nevares Spring Ambrysus funebris Entire 8 C
Newt, striped Notophthalmus perstriatus Entire 4 C
No common name Festuca hawaiiensis 1 C
`Ohe Joinvillea ascendens ascendens 1 C
Orb, golden Quadrula aurea Entire 2 C
Orchid, white fringeless Platanthera integrilabia 4 C
Panic grass, Hirst Brothers' Dichanthelium (=Panicum) hirstii 5 C
Parrot, red-crowned Amazona viridigenalis Entire 2 C
Pea, Big Pine partridge Chamaecrista lineata keyensis 4 C
Peppergrass, Ostler's Lepidium ostleri 6 C
Pimpleback, smooth Quadrula houstonensis Entire 2 C
Pimpleback, Texas Quadrula petrina Entire 2 C
Pine, whitebark Pinus albicaulis 6 C
Pipit, Sprague's Anthus spragueii Entire 6 C
Popolo Solanum nelsonii 1 C
Prairie-clover, Florida Dalea carthagenensis floridana 4 C
Rabbit, New England cottontail Sylvilagus transitionalis Entire 5 C
Ramshorn, magnificent Planorbella magnifica Entire 4 C
Redhorse, Sicklefin Moxostoma sp. Entire 4 C
Reedgrass, Maui Calamagrostis expansa 1 C
Riffle beetle, Stephan's Heterelmis stephani Entire 2 C
Rockcress, Fremont County Boechera pusilla 6 C
Sage-grouse, greater Centrocercus urophasianus Columbia basin DPS, WA 1 C
Sage-grouse, greater Centrocercus urophasianus entire 6 C
Salamander, Berry Cave Gyrinophilus gulolineatus Entire 4 C
Sandmat, pineland Chamaesyce deltoidea pinetorum 4 C
Sand-verbena, Ramshaw Meadows Abronia alpina 8 C
Shrimp, anchialine pool Metabetaeus lohena Entire 1 C
Shrimp, anchialine pool Palaemonella burnsi Entire 1 C
Shrimp, anchialine pool Procaris hawaiana Entire 1 C
silverbush, Blodgett's Argythamnia blodgettii 4 C
Smelt, longfin, San Francisco Bay delta population Spirinchus thaleichthys San Francisco Bay delta population 8 C
snail, sisi Ostodes strigatus Entire 1 C
Snail, Tutuila tree Eua zebrina Entire 1 C
Snake, Louisiana pine Pituophis ruthveni Entire 4 C
Snowfly, Arapahoe Capnia arapahoe Entire 6 C
Spineflower, San Fernando Valley Chorizanthe parryi var. fernandina 8 C
Springsnail, Huachuca Pyrgulopsis thompsoni Entire 2 C
Springsnail, Page Pyrgulopsis morrisoni Entire 2 C
Spurge, wedge Chamaesyce deltoidea serpyllum 4 C
Squirrel, Southern Idaho ground Urocitellus endemicus Entire 1 C
Squirrel, Washington ground Urocitellus washingtoni Entire 1 C
Stonefly, meltwater lednian Lednia tumana Entire 6 C
Storm-petrel, band-rumped Oceanodroma castro Hawaii DPS 1 C
Thistle, Wright's marsh Cirsium wrightii 2 C
Tiger beetle, highlands Cicindela highlandensis Entire 4 C
Tortoise, gopher Gopherus polyphemus eastern 4 C
Tortoise, Sonoran desert Gopherus morafkai Entire 2 C
Treefrog, Arizona Hyla wrightorum Huachuca/Canelo Population 2 C
Turtle, Sonoyta mud Kinosternon sonoriense longifemorale Entire 2 C
Twistflower, bracted Streptanthus bracteatus 2 C
vole, red tree Arborimus longicaudus North Oregon Coast population 1 C
Walrus, Pacific Odobenus rosmarus ssp. divergens Entire 7 C
Warbler, elfin-woods Dendroica angelae Entire 4 C
Waterdog, black warrior (=Sipsey Fork) Necturus alabamensis Entire 4 C
Wawae`iole Huperzia (=Phlegmariurus) stemmermanniae 1 C
Wormwood, Northern Artemisia campestris var. wormskioldii 1 C
Yellow-faced bee, anthricinan Hylaeus anthracinus Entire 1 C
Yellow-faced bee, assimulans Hylaeus assimulans Entire 1 C
Yellow-faced bee, easy Hylaeus facilis Entire 1 C
yellow-faced bee, Hawaiian Hylaeus kuakea Entire 1 C
yellow-faced bee, Hawaiian Hylaeus longiceps Entire 1 C
yellow-faced bee, Hawaiian Hylaeus mana Entire 1 C
Yellow-faced bee, hilaris Hylaeus hilaris Entire 1 C


Dec 032014

From a UC-Santa Cruz news release: "It hits when the population is at its smallest, and by the end of winter nearly 100 percent of the bats in a cave can be infected, which helps explain why it has such large impacts," said Kate Langwig, a graduate student at UC Santa Cruz and first author of the paper.

Also from the release: "The study provides valuable information for planning strategies to manage white-nose syndrome. If scientists can develop an effective treatment, for example, this study indicates that the best time to apply it would probably be early winter, Langwig said."

Lead author Kate Langwig emerges from a cave in New York

From the abstract: "Our study is the first, to the best of our knowledge, to describe the seasonality of transmission in this emerging wildlife disease."

News release from UC-Santa Cruz

Link to abstract: Host and pathogen ecology drive the seasonal dynamics of a fungal disease, white-nose syndrome | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences.

Dec 032014

U.S. District Judge Reggie B. Walton has approved a consent decree requiring the National Marine Fisheries Service to designate critical habitat for the New York Bight, Chesapeake Bay, Carolina, South Atlantic, and Gulf of Maine Distinct Population Segments of the Atlantic sturgeon (Delaware Riverkeeper Network v. U.S. Dep't of Commerce, 14-434-RBW, D.D.C.).

Under the agreement, NMFS will propose CH for the five DPS's by Nov. 30, 2015, and publish final rules a year after that.

The government agreed to pay the plaintiffs $12,615 in attorney fees and costs.

Here's the full consent decree, as signed by Walton Dec. 1: