PDF file of what’s below
As of October 30, 2014
Community Engagement and Education (CE) Posters
CE1. Reaching New Audiences and Fostering Stewardship for the Morro Bay Estuary
Lexie Bell, Morro Bay National Estuary Program (MBNEP) Coauthors: Kathryn Winfrey and Adrienne Harris, MBNEP Triennially, the Estuary Program hosts a State of the Bay symposium, sharing information about bay health indicators. Previously, these conferences followed a scientific format. To expand our reach, we developed a month of audience-specific events. We identified important audiences and engaged with them where they already go.
CE2. Learning Through Research and Restoration: New York City Working in Hudson and Bronx River Habitats (While Building Boats, Careers, and Life Skills)
Peter Malinowski, New York Harbor School
Coauthors: Elisa Bone; Kate Boicourt; David Reid; Robert Newton Four New York City programs that engage young citizen scientists in real research and restoration projects are presented.
CE3. Green Harbors Project: Biomimicry LivingLabs for Teaching and Learning by Doing Restoration in Urban Estuaries
Anamarija Frankic, Green Harbors Project, UMass Boston
Biomimicry (b)LivingLabs provide the practical educational niche in linking green education, green jobs, and green economy by learning from nature how to restore our estuaries. Our (b)LivingLabs have been initiated at diverse sites as a response to local community needs: Nantucket Island, Savin Hill Cove, Lower Mystic Estuary, Wellfleet and Gloucester Harbors, and Zadar Harbor, Croatia.
CE5. Stewardship Training in the Coastal Zone for Petrochemical Industrial Workers
Karla Klay, Artist Boat
The Stewardship Training in the Coastal Zone for Petrochemical Industrial Workers will provide a mechanism for oil and gas companies throughout the Galveston Bay, TX region to participate in stewardship-based learning modules designed to develop a common lexicon of environmental vocabulary and concepts, and broadened participation in activities that address priority environmental issues.
CE6. Development of a Systematic Stakeholder Identification System for 3VS Modeling in the Snohomish Basin, WA
Kate Mulvaney, EPA
Coauthors: Marilyn Buchholtz ten Brink; Karen Chu; Brad Warren We developed a mixed-methods approach to identify critical stakeholders for the EPA’s 3VS models in the Snohomish Basin. Although many stakeholders were identified in each of the three methods, no single method was sufficient for identifying the comprehensive list thereby indicating a need for mixed methods approaches to stakeholder identification.
CE7. Citizen Science and the National Sea Grant Network
Tamara Newcomer Johnson, NOAA Coauthor: Kathryn MacDonald, NOAA This poster provides a synopsis of citizen science projects promoted by NOAA’s National Sea Grant College Program throughout their network of 33 programs in U.S. coastal states and territories. Citizen science can be broadly defined as projects in which volunteers partner with scientists to collect data to answer real-world questions.
CE8. Reconnecting Urban Communities to the Environment
Stephanie Peters, MD Environmental Service
The MD Port Administration’s collaborative approach to planning the Masonville Dredged Material Containment Facility included citizens, environmental groups, regulatory and resource agencies, and elected officials. Meaningful educational opportunities at the site allow the community to make connections to their environment in ways not previously possible in this urban setting.
CE9. Incorporating Outreach into a State Wetland Assessment Program
Margaret Pletta, DNREC Wetland Monitoring and Assessment Program
Coauthor: Alison B. Rogerson After wetland assessment data is gathered in the field it needs to be disseminated for public and professional use. Employing multiple forms of outreach ensures the information is available for all audiences. Forms include social media, educational events, a website, and publications for the general public and fellow wetland professionals.
CE10. Water Quality, Master Gardeners, and the Coastal Certificate Program
Judy Preston, Long Island Sound Study
Two non-traditional partners – the Long Island Sound Study (LISS) and UConn’s Master Gardeners – have joined forces to provide alternative landscaping information to coastal and watershed residents. This initiative provides advanced certification, and leverages limited LISS resources for outreach about threats to the Long Island Sound estuary from nutrient and chemical intensive landscaping.
CE11. The Sound Behavior Index: A Management Tool for the Social Side of Ecosystem Restoration
Emily Sanford, Puget Sound Partnership
Coauthors: Lynda Ransley; Debbie Ruggles; Dave Ward The “Sound Behavior Index” tracks 28 residential-scale practices that can affect the health of Puget Sound in WA. The index is based on a survey conducted with a sample of the region’s 4.5 million residents. Progress in measuring long-term shifts in environmental behaviors will be discussed.
CE12. Leveraging the Geek in All of Us – New Tools for Coastal Engagement
Wesley Shaw, Blue Urchin Digital
Coauthors: Dan Burger; Sarah Latshaw So many smartphones, but so rarely used for coastal engagement. MyCoast.org came into being when we set out to try to build a better tool to make it easy and fun for people to help save their coasts. Here’s what we did!
CE14. The Terrapin Tally: A Pilot Project to Engage Volunteers in Citizen Science to Inspire Action, Increase Understanding, and Protect Estuaries
Hope Sutton, NC NERR
Coauthors: Sarah Finn; Jeff Brown; Marie Davis The “Terrapin Tally” citizen science project utilizes trained volunteers to collect diamondback terrapin population data at the Masonboro Island Reserve in NC. The project objectives are to collect high quality population data and educate the public about the importance of estuary areas by drawing attention to the diamondback terrapin.
CE15. Resources for Creating Lifelong Ocean Science Literacy
Kristin Uiterwyk, COSEE OCEAN
Coauthors: Bob Chen; Catherine Cramer Communicating ocean science is an important part of creating a public that understands how their daily lives are connected to the ocean. This poster highlights education and communication resources including a report on the state of ocean science education, a source for excellent hands-on activities, and a guide for making ocean science videos.
CE16. The Great Lakes Have Rip Currents Too: MI’s Strategy to Improve Swimmer Safety From Dangerous Nearshore Currents
Matthew Warner, MI CZM Program
Awareness about swimmer safety at MI’s Great Lakes beaches will improve through advancing scientific knowledge and risk communication for dangerous nearshore currents. This poster presents preliminary findings from perishable rip current data collection, remotely-sensed rip current “hot spots,” and new approaches toward communicating the risks to the public.
CE17. Community-Based Wetland Management: Collaborative Learning and Assessment in Douglas County,
Sarah Wilkins, NOAA
The Lake Superior Wetland Assessment, a NERR Science Collaborative project, aims to connect local decision-makers and managers with experts in the field of wetland science through a collaborative process. Best practices and lessons learned from a collaborative learning social science assessment will be shared.
CE18. The Municipal Blue Star Program: Inspiring Resiliency in NJ Municipalities Through Sustainable Actions
Cassandra Ornell, Clean Ocean Action Coauthors: Cara Muscio, and Catie Tobin, Clean Ocean Action Clean Ocean Action recently launched the Municipal Blue Star Program in collaboration with Sustainable Jersey. The goal is to inspire coastal municipalities to leverage specific sustainability actions that also enhance water quality. It is an innovative model program that encourages municipalities to use sustainability as a means to resiliency.
CE19. Holding on to Historic Managers: Providing a Forum for River Herring Wardens in MA
Abigail Archer, Cape Cod Cooperative Extension Anadromous river herring (Alosa pseudoharengus and Alosa aestivalis) migrate through Atlantic Coast estuaries and provide forage for many species. Fisheries exist for them and in 2011 a group called the “River Herring Network” formed to provide a forum for town based herring wardens to share their intensely local knowledge.
CE20. Engaging Fishermen in Ocean Planning: Lessons From the New England’s Commercial Fisheries Spatial Characterization and Potential Future Steps
Nick Battista, Island Institute
This poster lays out the key themes related to fishermen engagement in ocean planning that came out of the Northeast Regional Ocean Council’s Commercial Fisheries Spatial Characterization project and provide insight into potential ways to better engage fishermen in the ocean planning process.
CE21. Building Community Through Public Participation in Research
Anne Armstrong, Chincoteague Bay Field Station Coauthors: Grace Cormons, SPARK; Sean Cornell, Shippensburg University This poster will highlight efforts in coordinating public participation in habitat restoration for the Chincoteague Bay Field Station’s Living Shore Project. She will discuss developing sampling protocols for SPARK families, methods for recruiting and maintaining relationships with volunteers, and working with local stakeholders to facilitate community buy-in.
CE22. Living Shorelines and the National Sea Grant Network
Elizabeth Bevan, NOAA Coauthors: Joshua Brown and Michael Liffman, NOAA Sea Grant programs foster integrating living shorelines into coastal management plans in the U.S. Living shorelines are “softer” erosion control techniques that can increase community resiliency to climate change. In sharing information on living shorelines, Sea Grant is helping decision-makers and stakeholders to better prepare their community for a changing future.
CE23. Tidal Freshwater Wetland Restoration: Volunteer-Based Wetland Restoration in the Anacostia River
Jorge Bogantes, Anacostia Watershed Society (AWS)
Coauthors: Mary Abe; Jim Foster Since 2004, AWS has contributed to the restoration of more than 12 acres of tidal emergent wetlands through revegetation with native plant species, invasive plant control, and the installation of goose exclosures.
CE24. Salt Marsh Trends Analysis for New York City
Rebecca Boger, Brooklyn College-CUNY
Coauthors: Ellen Kracauer; Hartig Minona Heaviland; Marit Larson Brooklyn College and New York City Parks jointly conducted an historical analysis of fringing salt marshes that revealed approximately 20% marsh loss in the City between 1974 and 2012. Students, citizen scientists, and researchers are working together to monitor and make recommendations for restoration using GIS, kite and quadcopter photography, and fieldwork.
CE26. Community-Based Restoration in an Urban Setting: Using “Eco-Volunteers” to Help Restore Oysters in New York City
Allison Fitzgerald, NY/NJ Baykeeper
In the south Bronx, NY/NJ Baykeeper has established an “eco-volunteerism” program at our one-acre restored reef, which allows for adult volunteers to get into the water and observe the reef as never before. Volunteers built and monitor the reef, and are connected with all areas of the restoration activities.
CE27. Teaching about Human Health and the Constructed Environment through the Design of a Restored Wetland Park
Phoebe Crisman, University of VA
This case study examines a 40-acre, restored wetland park, learning lab, and rainwater filtration pavilion designed to explicitly link estuarine restoration, sustainable design, and human health and well-being. University researchers, professionals, and community partners collaborated to raise public awareness, while fostering a commitment to sustainability and stewardship through design.
CE28. Inspiring River Restoration and Environmental Education through Design: Five Seasons of the Learning Barge
Phoebe Crisman, University of VA
The Learning Barge, a traveling, off-the-grid, environmental field station, exemplifies the power of design to educate, engage and symbolize community estuarine restoration efforts. Designed and built by University of Virginia students for the Elizabeth River Project, this innovative Barge has educated 43,200 visitors in the Chesapeake Bay watershed since 2009.
Policy and Planning (PP) Posters
PP1. Blueprints: Comprehensive Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning for Northeastern U.S. Waters
Anna Campbell, Smith College
Advocates and critics of the Marine Spatial Planning approach contest several issues, including whether precedents exist, the benefits of stakeholder participation, government coordination, data availability and application, the means to balance future ocean uses with current ones, and the power to both publicize and enforce the strategic recommendations that emerge.
PP2. Texas Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning Initiative
Diana Del Angel, Harte Research Institute at TX A&M University – Corpus Christi
Coauthors: James Gibeaut; Brach Lupher In TX, an initiative of Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning is being implemented with the purposes of improving decision-making and serving as a key resource in the coastal planning and management process. The presentation reviews project objectives, current achievements, and products, and discusses the direction of future work.
PP3. Sharing Our Seas: Understanding Ocean Use in the Northeast to Support Sound Decision-Making
Andy Lipsky, SeaPlan
As we develop resilience strategies for our coasts, it is critical for coastal planners to better account for existing human uses of the ocean. This presentation will cover studies undertaken by SeaPlan and partners to collect data on two key human uses in the Northeast: recreational boating and recreational fishing.
PP4. Operationalizing Climate-Informed Coastal and Marine Planning
Rachel Gregg, EcoAdapt
Coauthors: Alex Score; Jessi Kershner; Jessica Hitt This poster will focus on: 1) discussions of how to integrate climate change into coastal and marine planning efforts, 2) review and testing of a new climate-informed coastal and marine spatial planning guide using real-world examples from attendees; and 3) highlighting best practices to advance these efforts on the ground.
PP5. The State of Adaptation: Assessing Climate Adaptation Activities Through a Sustained Research Initiative
Rachel M. Gregg, EcoAdapt
Coauthors: Whitney Reynier; Jessica Hitt EcoAdapt’s State of Adaptation Program is designed to facilitate climate adaptation action by surveying practitioners, assessing adaptation activities, writing in-depth case studies to catalyze creative thinking, and synthesizing information collected to further develop the field of study and action. This poster presents information on major projects from this program.
PP6. Building Resilience into Protected Coastal Landscapes: NERRS Disaster Response Planning
Matthew Chasse, NOAA
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill showed the need for more coordinated disaster planning with the estuarine research reserves. Piloted in the Gulf of Mexico, NOAA partnered with reserves to develop response plans to improve coordination, training, response, and assessment activities and serve as a model for protected coastal landscapes.
PP7. Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on the Sustainability of Proposed Restoration Activities in the Chesapeake Bay
Emily Egginton, VA Institute of Marine Science, College of William & Mary
Coauthors: Carlton Hershner; Mark J. Brush; Donna M. Bilkovic This study examines how climate change might affect ecological restoration. An ecosystem model is applied to the Lynnhaven River watershed to evaluate the sustainability of ecosystem services provided by tidal wetland, eelgass, and oyster reef habitat, under existing and predicted climate warming, and SLR scenarios.
PP8. Incorporating Ecosystem Services and Socioeconomic Analysis into Ocean, Coastal, and Great Lakes Governance and Decision Making
Thomas Fish, US DOI / CESU Network Coauthors: Tracy Rouleau, NOAA; Marilyn Buchholtz ten Brink, EPA This poster invites feedback from individuals with experience and/or interest in: 1) the application of ecosystem service valuation to inform policy, planning, and management; and 2) maintaining a robust community of practice for ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes social science.
PP9. Identifying Cultural Resources Sites Affected by SLR at Cape Hatteras National Seashore
Michael Flynn, East Carolina University
Coauthors: Tom Allen; Tom Crawford; Burrell Montz The most recent NC floodplain mapping data, study data from local coastal geologists, NOAA, USGS, NPS, and other relevant scientific data were used by East Carolina University researchers to identify the risk level of each structure as well estimate timelines for potential impacts and alternative relocation of structures within the Cape Hatteras National Seashore.
PP10. North Carolina Coastal Atlas: Transforming Information to Empower Decisions
Michael Flynn, East Carolina University
Coauthors: Tom Allen; Robert Howard; Michelle Covi East Carolina University is collaborating with the NC Division of Coastal Management and partners to develop the NC Coastal Atlas (www.nccoastalatlas.org), an online mapping system that provides interactive maps and related data for exploration and analysis. The Atlas combines physical, ecological and human use data to support education, management, and decision-making.
PP11. Biological Resources and Habitats Vulnerable to SLR and Storm Activity in the Northeast U.S.
Christopher Guy, USFWS Coauthor: Tomma Barnes, USACE Climate change and SLR are affecting coastlines throughout the world. This poster looks at the effect on coastal resources from ME to NC and provides an inventory of wildlife and its vulnerability to these climatic changes.
PP12. Protecting Beaches and Sea Turtles: An Analysis of Beach Nourishment, Loggerhead Sea Turtles, and SLR in NC
Kimberly Hernandez, Duke University
North Carolina employs beach nourishment for shoreline protection. Using historical data in the context of current law and policy, my analysis revealed four specific recommendations for ways the state can continue beach protection efforts while taking into account both federally threatened loggerhead sea turtles and future SLR.
PP13. Protecting the Benefits People Get From NH’s Great Bay Estuary: An Ecosystem Services Approach
Kirsten Howard, NH Coastal Program Coauthors: Ray Konisky, TNC; Philip Trowbridge, The Piscataqua Region Estuaries Partnership; Chris Williams, NH Coastal Program New Hampshire’s Great Bay Estuary provides many benefits, but water quality is declining, threatening ecosystem services. The NH Estuary Spatial Planning Project is using InVEST models to quantify benefits from estuarine habitats and explore changes under future pollutant-loading and restoration scenarios. I will present our assessment process and preliminary results.
PP14. Biodiversity on the Brink: the Role of Assisted Migration in Managing South FL Species Threatened With Rising Seas
Catherine Kilduff, Center for Biological Diversity
Climate change will push some of FL’s most imperiled species closer to the brink of extinction. “Assisted Migration” refers to one policy prescription to address this problem. The federal government has the authority to use active and passive assisted migration under the Endangered Species Act for species threatened with habitat loss due to SLR.
PP15. Large-Scale Search for Tidal Mitigation Sites on the Elizabeth River, VA
Travis Comer, ARCADIS Coauthor: Mark McElroy, ARCADIS ARCADIS provided environmental studies and permitting associated with the Craney Island Eastward Expansion project in Portsmouth, VA. This presentation describes the methods used to search for property to conduct 56 acres of tidal wetland mitigation and the first mitigation project, which was completed in 2012.
PP16. The City of Seattle’s Aquatic Habitat Matching Grant Program: A Model for Restoration on Private and Public Lands in Partnership With Community
Kathy Minsch, Seattle Public Utilities
The City of Seattle funded an innovative community grant program to restore aquatic habitat on public and private property from 2005-2012, which proved to be a model for how to engage people in restoring and protecting riparian areas and shorelines in partnership with the public sector.
PP18. Evaluating the Impact of the NOAA Coastal Storms Program in the Gulf of Mexico Project Area
Lou Nadeau, ERG Coauthors: Audra Luscher-Aissaoui, NOAA; Lauren Jankovic, Eastern Research Group, Inc. This poster summarizes ERG’s work to evaluate the impact of the NOAA Coastal Storms Program in the Gulf of Mexico project area. The poster provides insights into how well the program worked and what aspects are transferable to other areas.
PP19. Identifying and Tracking Healthy Watersheds in the Chesapeake Bay Region
Tuana Phillips, Chesapeake Research Consortium Coauthors: Renee Thompson and John Wolf, USGS The Chesapeake Bay Program “Maintain Healthy Watersheds” Team is devoted to protecting healthy lands within the Chesapeake Bay Watershed which are vital to the overall health and resilience of the Chesapeake Bay. This poster highlights how the Team worked collaboratively to identify healthy watersheds that will be protected in perpetuity.
PP20. Interactions Between Climate Change, Contaminants, Nutrients, and Ecosystems in the North Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative
Alfred Pinkney, USFWS Coauthors: Charles T. Driscoll, Syracuse University; David C. Evers, Biodiversity Research Institute; Harold G. Marshall, Old Dominion University The North Atlantic Landscape Conservation Cooperative region (from VA to the Canadian Maritimes) has experienced global climate change including changes in temperature and precipitation, and rising sea level. We discuss interactions between climate change and nutrients, biogeochemical processes, and contaminants focusing on eutrophication, inland acidification, and mercury.
PP21. Review of Social Indicator Efforts: Identifying Best Practices for Coastal Governance and Decision Making
Victoria Ramenzoni, NOAA Coauthors: Tom Fish, Dept. of Interior; Tracy Rouleau, NOAA PPI The Interagency Working Group on Ocean Social Science reviewed initiatives across government agencies, academia, and NGOs to provide a systematization and inventory of best practices and limitations related to social indicator efforts. This poster presents a summary of this work and suggests direct implications for informing coastal decision-making.
PP22. Prioritization of Management Objectives in Korean Estuaries Using AHP-SWOT Model
Jongseong Ryu, Anyang University Coauthors: Chang-Hee Lee, Myongji University; Jungho Nam and Won Keun Chang, Korea Maritime Institute Prioritization of multiple estuary management objectives are compared in three major estuaries in Korea using the SWOT-AHP hybrid model. Experts prefer strengths more importantly than weaknesses, opportunities, and threat. Opening dams, the most important factor to restore estuarine function, should be considered seriously by decision makers.
PP23. Woe is the Working Waterfront: The Challenge and Potential Solutions to the Prevalence of Industrial Uses and Brownfields in Coastal Floodplains
Judd Schechtman, Rutgers University
Coauthors: Katie Himmelfarb; Yasser Altayyar This study examines the threat to urban waterways posed by industrial uses due to coastal flooding and future climate change. The problem is examined using GIS to map risks, case studies of communities that are approaching this challenge are presented, and the significance for state and federal law is addressed.
PP24. Applying Coastal and Marine Ecological Classification Standard (CMECS) to Classify OR Estuary Habitats, Lessons Learned From a Resource Inventory Classification of OR Estuaries and Shorelands
Patty Snow, OR Coastal Management Program
Coauthors: Andy Lanier; Tanya Haddad; Laura Mattison This poster presents a project to compile a comprehensive database of resource information for OR’s estuarine habitats into an online atlas. The existing information was translated into the CMECS (4.0), with layers for each classification standard components and settings.
PP25. Emergent Wetlands Status and Trends in the Northern Gulf of Mexico: 1950-2010
Kate Spear, USGS
Coauthors: Larry Handley; Cindy Thatcher; Scott Wilson Status and trends of Gulf of Mexico coastal emergent wetlands from 1950-2010 are examined, including Barataria and Terrebonne Bays and the Mississippi Delta in LA; Corpus Christi/Nueces/Aransas Bays and Galveston Bay in TX; Mississippi Sound in MS; Mobile Bay in AL; and the Florida Panhandle and Tampa Bay in FL.
PP26. A Climate Change Adaptation Plan in Response to SLR for the Chitimacha Tribe of LA
Kate Spear, USGS
Coauthors: Kim Walden; Kristen Kordecki; Scott Wilson This project uses existing climate change scenarios and SLR projections to inform a Climate Change Adaptation Plan developed in collaboration with the Chitimacha Tribe of LA and the Gulf Coast Prairie Landscape Conservation Cooperative and can be used as a model for climate change adaptation in other small communities.
PP27. Assessing Climate Change Vulnerability in a Small Estuary: Lessons Learned From a Pilot Project in Coquille, OR
Chris Swenson, USFWS Coauthors: Eric Mielbrecht, EcoAdapt; Jeff Weber, OR Dept. of Land Conservation and Development; Steve Denney, TNC This pilot project assessed the climate change vulnerability of habitats and species in Oregon’s Coquille Estuary. It also created a template for conducting future, relatively low-cost assessments for other small estuaries. Valuable lessons were learned for planning future vulnerability assessments at the sub-watershed scale.
PP28. Implementing a Hazard Resilience Tool in the Gulf of Mexico: The Community Resilience Index
Jody Thompson, AUMERC/MASGC Coauthors: Tracie Sempier and LaDon Swann, MS-AL Sea Grant Consortium The Community Resilience Index seeks to increase awareness of susceptibility to natural hazards, assisting communities in assessing their hazard preparedness and planning. The end outcome is communities that take actions to address weaknesses, and decision-makers that are more informed on their community’s level of risk, ultimately increasing capability of responding to disasters.
PP29. Wetland Mitigation Banking as Significant Contributors to Coastal Landscape-Scale Restoration and the State of Restoration Science
Pamela Fetterman, ecoGENESIS LLC
Wetland mitigation and conservation banks are privately funded land-scape scale restoration efforts contributing significant dollars and acres to environmental restoration efforts. The number of acres of restoration contributed through banking is examined nationally. Also presented are case-studies of banking projects helping to achieve larger programmatic public agency environmental restoration goals.
PP30. Legal and Policy Framework as it Pertains to PR Coastal Vegetative Wetlands
Luis Villanueva-Cubero, University of PR Rio Piedras Campus Coauthor: Mei Yu, University of PR This poster will showcase the influence of laws, regulations, and programs as they pertain to changes in land cover and land use in coastal vegetative wetlands in PR.
PP31. Development of the NOAA Chesapeake Bay Habitat Tool
Michelle Canick, TNC Coauthors: Mary Andrews, NOAA; Paula Jasinski, Chesapeake Environmental Communications; Mark Bryer, TNC
This presentation describes a collaborative effort to build a bay-wide framework to guide NOAA’s protection and restoration activities in Chesapeake Bay. Targeted habitats include benthic, tidal wetlands, oysters, submerged aquatic vegetation, and fish passage. Compiled data and calculated prioritization metrics are included in an interactive mapping tool.
PP32. Prioritization of Parcels Using Climate Change GIS Modeling Tools to Facilitate Habitat Resiliency to SLR
Leslie Gerlich, USFWS
Coauthor: Dan R. Murphy This poster will depict how the USFWS Chesapeake Bay Field Office’s Coastal Program in Annapolis, MD uses climate change GIS modeling products and tools produced by the MD DNR to target land parcels for protection to insure resilient Chesapeake Bay fish and wildlife habitats for the future.
PP33. Climate and Collaboration in CZM: Resources From the American Planning Association
Elizabeth Felter, American Planning Association and Coastal States Organization Coauthors: Lindsey Kraatz, NOAA; Jim Schwab, American Planning Association This poster will outline the best practices and innovations in CZM identified in a publication of the American Planning Association. An assortment of diverse ocean and Great Lakes coastal communities demonstrate these practices, with a focus on intergovernmental collaboration, as well as the use of spatial technology in planning for climate impacts, resilience, and restoration.
PP34. Rethinking Subsistence Fishing: Combining Biological and Socio-Economic Factors
Liz Brown-Pickren, East Carolina University
An open-ended intercept survey of anglers in NC showed reliance on self-caught fish to supplement grocery budgets, limited knowledge of the presence of contaminants, unwarranted faith in government warnings, and mistaken beliefs in the ability to eliminate contaminants by cleaning or preparation methods, suggesting a need for revised management.
PP35. Chesapeake Bay Fisheries Management: A Multi-Jurisdictional Effort Applying Science to Management
Emilie Franke, Chesapeake Research Consortium, and Andrew Turner, Versar This poster provides a summary of the multi-jurisdictional efforts of the Chesapeake Bay Program’s Sustainable Fisheries Goal Implementation Team and their efforts to advance ecosystem-based fisheries management by using science to inform management. It will highlight the Chesapeake Bay Stock Assessment Committee workgroup that provides scientific analyses and management recommendations for the blue crab fishery.
PP36. Implementing a Community-Based Watershed Planning Approach to Identify FL RESTORE Priorities
Darryl Boudreau, TNC
Coauthors: Anne Birch; Janet Bowman TNC has been using a community-based watershed planning approach to bring all stakeholders to the table to identify priority projects based on priority needs of the watersheds in the Panhandle and the Springs Coast. This presentation provides an overview of the process, lessons learned, and the path forward.
PP37. Current Floodplain Management Trends in the Gulf of Mexico Coastal Programs
Hank Hodde, NOAA
Coauthors: Marian Hanisko; Heidi Stiller This presentation with explore current floodplain management issues facing Gulf Coast communities and identify existing tools, resources, and programs being utilized to help to mitigate hazards and enhance programmatic activities. Information presented comes from existing knowledge and a facilitated workshop with the Gulf States’ CZM and NERRS Programs.
PP38. Lessons Learned from the Hudson River Sustainable Shorelines Project: Trade-offs and Opportunities in Shoreline Decision Making
Benjamin Ganon, SCA/NYSDEC Coauthors: Emilie Hauser, Hudson River NERR; Lisa Graichen, Hudson River NERR/UNH Using a collaborative approach to shoreline management, the Hudson River Sustainable Shorelines Project works to provide science-based information to key decision-makers in the shore zone, in order to design shorelines for the future based on what we have learned from the past. Can we balance ecology, engineering, and human use?
PP39. Applying the Findings of the Hudson River Sustainable Shorelines Project: Crossing Boundaries and Bringing it all Together
Lisa Graichen, Hudson River NERR and University of NH Coauthors: Emilie Hauser and Ben Ganon, Hudson River NERR; Ona Ferguson, Consensus Building Institute The Hudson River Sustainable Shoreline Project recently presented findings and new tools to engineers, landscape architects, regulators, and ecologists in an interactive workshop. A site-based design exercise increased decision-makers’ capacity to support sustainable shorelines and facilitated connections across professional boundaries. This workshop can serve as a model for others.
PP40. Context-Dependent Value of Wetlands for Protection Against Coastal Storms
- Luke Boutwell, LA State University, LSU AgCenter Coauthor: John V. Westra, LA State University Coastal communities in the U.S. are highly vulnerable to coastal storms. Changes in population, land-use, and climate have the potential to increase economic damages resulting from these storms. This analysis presents an estimation of the value of wetlands at reducing damages from coastal storms under various contexts, which is useful for project prioritization.
PP41. Development of the CPRA Oyster Lease Acquisition and Compensation Program (OLACP) – From Litigation to Legislation
Jason Shackelford, SWCA Environmental Consultants
The OLACP was developed in response to numerous judgments totaling over $2.5B against the state of LA. This program allowed the state to move forward with critical coastal restoration efforts post-Hurricane Katrina.
PP42. The Chesapeake Bay Watershed Agreement: An Integrated and Adaptive Ecosystem Approach to Protecting and Restoring a National Treasure
Gregory Barranco, EPA
On June 16, 2014, the Chesapeake Executive Council signed the landmark Chesapeake Bay Watershed Agreement. This poster illustrates the plan to restore this complex multi-state watershed through an integrated set of goals and outcomes and the development of “management strategies” that will articulate the overarching and specific actions necessary to restore this national treasure.
PP43. Chesapeake Bay Water Quality: Policy Alternatives to Negate the Impact of Nonpoint Pollutant Sources Caused by Agricultural Runoff
Kaitlyn Cox, Roger Williams University School of Law/University of RI
The poster will highlight research surrounding Chesapeake Bay watershed water quality issues caused by nonpoint pollutant sources and will focus primarily on VA and pollution caused by agricultural runoff. Policy alternatives include state and federal legislation and an incentive based policy that focuses on the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program.
PP44. Creating a Low Impact Development Manual for Coastal SC
April Turner, S.C. Sea Grant Consortium Coauthors: Samantha Bruce, SC Sea Grant Extension; Blaik Keppler and Kathryn Ellis, ACE Basin Coastal Training Program
The overall goal of the project was to create an interdisciplinary, user-defined LID manual through a series of collaborative meetings with researchers, engineers, planners, and other stormwater practitioners. This Manual will serve as a source of coastal-specific LID information, tools, and resources for coastal SC.
PP45. San Francisco Bay Transition Zone Conservation and Management Decision Support System
Brian Fulfrost, Brian Fulfrost and Associates Coauthor: David Thomson, San Francisco Bay Bird Observatory A GIS based decision support system to identify and prioritize marsh-upland ecotonal habitats (transitions) was developed to assist land managers in restoring and protecting San Francisco Bay’s (estuary) tidal marsh ecosystem.
PP46. Sea Level Rise Vulnerability of San Juan County, WA – An Approach for Assessing Erosion and Inundation Vulnerability at the County Scale
Alexis Blue, Coastal Geologic Services
Coauthors: Andrea MacLennan, Jonathan Wagoner, and Jim Johannessen, Coastal Geologic Services; Tina Whitman, Friends of the San Juans The objective of this study was to attain greater understanding of the areas within San Juan County, WA that are vulnerable to implications of sea level rise. The resulting countywide mapping tool highlights areas at risk to inundation and bluff erosion, for which management strategies can be developed.
PP47. Connecting Property Owners with Shorelines – A Comprehensive Database of Shoreline Data at the Parcel Scale
Alexis Blue, Coastal Geologic Services Coauthors: Jonathan Waggoner and Andrea MacLennan, Coastal Geologic Services A residential, shoreline parcel database was developed that linked ownership data with geomorphic shoretype, habitats, armor, and regional restoration and conservation priorities. Parcels were segmented based on the presence of a home, armor, and erosion potential, which was then used to identify target behaviors for shoreline management, outreach, and social marketing efforts.
PP48. Estuary Restoration Act Minimum Monitoring Standards
Chris Eng, USFWS Coauthor: Julia Royster, NOAA The Estuary Restoration Act of 2000, amended in 2007, mandated the development of monitoring data standards, which the Estuary Habitat Restoration Council (Council) published in 2003. The Council revised the existing standards to provide additional information and clarify certain requirements in an effort to ensure that future monitoring plans would more effectively meet the standards.
PP49. CAKE Dashboards: The Next Generation Adaptation Support Tools
Jessica Hitt, EcoAdapt
Coauthor: Rachel M. Gregg CAKE Dashboards, tailored adaptation databases, leverage CAKE’s existing infrastructure and content to showcase information for a particular topic (e.g.sector, impact, geography). Two pilots Dashboards, the Coastal & Marine Spatial Planning (CMSP) and the Climate Registry for the Assessment of Vulnerability(CRAV) Dashboards, will be released in early 2015. CRAV is created in partnership with USGS.
Science, Technology, and Practice (STP) Posters
STP1. Role of Landscape Architects in Coastal Planning
Peter Alexander, Coastal Revitalization, LLC
Landscape architects can provide their unique, wide range of training and skill sets to plan, design, and oversee coastal revitalization.
STP2. Coastal Observations in the NERR System: Filling the Information Gap Between Land and Ocean for Coastal Management
Marie H. Bundy, NOAA
There is a pressing need for more long-term nearshore observations that can link directly to terrestrial ecosystems and coastal communities. We describe how data from the NERR system-wide monitoring program are used by coastal decision makers, lessons learned, challenges related to sustaining and growing the program, and successes with partners.
STP3. The Michigan Dune Alliance – Restoring Eastern Lake Michigan Coastal Ecosystems Through Invasive Terrestrial Plant Species Control
Shaun Howard, TNC
Since 2007 the Michigan Dune Alliance has implemented landscape-scale terrestrial invasive plant species control throughout the dunes of Eastern Lake Michigan. Outcomes totaling 30,000 acres of survey and treatment have only been possible using a collaborative partnership structure and a multi-tiered management approach. See what has made this project successful and what is planned for the future.
STP4. Elizabeth B. Karter Watch Rock Preserve, Old Lyme, CT – Coastal Moist Forest Restoration and Invasive Plant Management
Maribeth Chassey, Sacred Heart University
Elizabeth B. Karter Watch Rock Preserve is a 25-acre preserve located in Old Lyme, CT. The coastal moist forest is the dominate cover type on the preserve and is being invaded by non-native plant species. A multi-year restoration project has been implemented to remove invasives and restore native vegetation.
STP5. Shoreline and Habitat Change at Zeke’s Island, NC
Paul Cole, UNCW
Coauthors: Kelsey Potluck; Devon Eulie North Carolina’s shorelines and wetlands are unique environments that provide habitat to a variety of species. This study examined shoreline and habitat change over multiple temporal scales (historical and modern). Results indicate distinct areas of change along the shoreline and shifts in habitat distribution across the island since 1964.
STP6. Critical Coastal Habitat Assessment Program to Detect Impacts to Habitats From Climate Change in Tampa Bay, FL
Lindsay Cross, Tampa Bay Estuary Program
Coauthors: Michael Wessel, Janicki Environmental, Inc.; Pamela Latham, Atkins North America, Inc.; Doug Robison, Environmental Science Associates The Critical Coastal Habitat Assessment examines the status, trends, ecological function, and impacts of natural and indirect anthropogenic (e.g., climate change) perturbations on the mosaic of critical coastal habitats in the Tampa Bay, FL watershed using a multi-tier approach (baywide, bay segment, and habitat ecotone scale).
STP7. Conservation Paleobiology: Using the Past to Inform Coastal and Estuarine Restoration
Stephen Durham, Cornell University
Coauthors: Gregory P. Dietl; Jansen A. Smith; Michelle M. Casey Conservation paleobiology, the application of geohistorical records to the conservation and restoration of biodiversity and ecosystem services, is an underutilized source of novel baseline data and perspectives for coastal restoration. Recent case studies are discussed to demonstrate this utility in the context of five major environmental stressors of coastal systems.
STP8. ShoreZone in AK and in the Pacific Northwest
Cindy Hartmann Moore, NOAA
Coauthors: Darren Stewart; John Harper; Steve Lewis ShoreZone is a coastal marine habitat mapping system in which spatially referenced aerial imagery is collected specifically for classification. Approximately 108,095 km of ShoreZone imagery exists for the Pacific Northwest coastline including the entire shoreline of OR (1,795 km), WA (4,933 km), British Columbia (37,619 km), and 63,748 km of the Alaskan coastline (~80%).
STP9. The Proper Management of Broad Brook Mills Superfund Site
Daniel Kielbania, Sacred Heart University
Coauthor: Jennifer Matrei The purpose of this study is to examine the EPA Superfund Site in East Windsor, CT. In order to protect the tributaries that flow into Long Island Sound, proper management and monitoring of groundwater and soil at this site is needed to prevent contaminants from entering into the Connecticut River.
STP10. Assessment of Juvenile Horseshoe Crab Nursery Habitat Requirements in Long Island Sound
Jaclyn Lange, Sacred Heart University
Coauthors: Mark A. Beekey; Jennifer H. Mattei Horseshoe crabs in the New England and NY regions continue to decline. The identification and assessment of essential nursery habitat for juvenile horseshoe crabs are required to mitigate the losses. The objectives will be to identify juvenile horseshoe crab nursery habitat and determine abundance, growth rates, and survivorship.
STP11. Restoring Hurricane-Damaged Shorebird and Horseshoe Crab Habitat on Delaware Bay, NJ
Larry Niles, American Littoral Society (ALS) Coauthors: Dianne F Daly; Joseph Smith; Amanda Dey, NJDFW; Tim Dillingham, ALS We will discuss the design and preliminary results of a robust monitoring program that was developed concurrently with the restoration plan, with the guidance of the Richard Stockton College of NJ’s Coastal Research Center.
STP12. Restoration of Horseshoe Crab and Migratory Shorebird Habitat on Delaware Bay Beaches Damaged by Superstorm Sandy
Joseph Smith, American Littoral Society
Coauthors: Joseph Smith; Larry Niles; Dianne Daly Superstorm Sandy destroyed more than 70% of the optimal beach spawning habitat for horseshoe crabs on NJ’s Delaware Bay coastline. A coalition of partners restored 1.2 miles of spawning beach and the project was intensively monitored following restoration to assess success and to guide strategy for future restoration projects.
STP13. Recent Expansion of Osprey Nesting in San Francisco Bay
Anthony Brake, Golden Gate Raptor Observatory
Coauthor: Harvey A. Wilson We carried out a nesting census documenting the recent expansion of breeding ospreys in San Francisco Bay, an area previously considered outside their breeding range. Almost all of the nests were built on human-made structures. Providing artificial nest structures will be necessary to accommodate this increasing population.
STP14. Contaminant Threats and Osprey Productivity in the Chesapeake Bay Estuary From Historic and Contemporary Perspectives
Rebecca S. Lazarus, USGS Coauthors: Barnett A. Rattner, USGS; Peter C. McGowan, USFWS; Robert C. Hale, VA Institute of Marine Science
From 2011-2013, osprey productivity was monitored and egg samples were collected to examine spatial and temporal trends of a suite of legacy and emerging environmental contaminants. These data will increase our knowledge of contaminant threats to Bay wildlife and understanding of their resilience in the face of ongoing threats and environmental change.
STP15. A Deadly “Microbe” Brew: Avian Botulism and Microcystins at the Paul S. Sarbanes Ecosystem Restoration Project at Poplar Island
Peter McGowan, USFWS
Coauthors: Michelle Osborne; Erica Miller; Lisa Murphy Greater than 770 waterbirds and mammals were found either sick or dead at a large-scale island restoration project in Chesapeake Bay during the summer and fall 2012. Avian botulism and exposure to microcystins during a harmful algal bloom were determined to be responsible for the mortalities and morbidities.
STP16. ArcGIS as a Tool to Study Population Dynamics of Asian Shore Crab (Hemigrapsus sanguineus) in Rocky Intertidal Zones of Greenwich Point, CT
Peter Linderoth, Sacred Heart University The interpolated average count/m2 of Hemigrapsus sanguineus was determined to be 11.71 in the upper intertidal zone and 16.75 for the lower intertidal zone through a combination of field sampling and ArcGIS analyses. A total population of 96,066 individuals was extrapolated for the rocky intertidal zones on Greenwich Point, CT.
STP17. The LightHawk Aerial Perspective: Assessing Near Shore Habitat With Small Planes
Jonathan Milne, Lighthawk.org
Small planes piloted by LightHawk pilots have helped many organizations delineate and assess habitat features for nearly 35 years. Organizations such as TNC, Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies, and the Coalition to Restore Coastal Louisiana have benefitted from this long-term partnership with LightHawk.
STP18. Late Summer Native Plant Establishment
Joseph Paternoster, DriWater
Can a time-release water gel (TRWG) provide enough moisture to establish a plant with reduced costs and less maintenance than hand watering?
STP19. Enhancing Regional Capacity for Habitat Restoration Project Tracking, Assessment, and Reporting
Sandra Scoggin, San Francisco Bay Joint Venture Coauthors: Kristal Davis-Fadtke, Delta Conservancy; Cristina Grosso, San Francisco Estuary Institute – Aquatic Sciences Center; Ruth Ostroff, Central Valley Joint Venture This project will expand the current capabilities of the wetland project tracking system for the monitoring and assessment of California’s aquatic resources to meet the project tracking, assessment, and reporting needs for current and planned habitat restoration in the San Francisco Bay-Delta and Central Valley.
STP20. Microplastics in Coastal Southeastern U.S. National Parks
Catherine Anna Toline, NPS Coauthors: Alex Chow and Xubiao Yu, Clemson University Microplastics pose a potentially serious threat to wildlife and human health in the coastal environment. Quantification of microplastics at NPS sites is necessary to determine the impact of this threat to otherwise protected areas. Data demonstrate the presence of plastic in sediments. Composition and potential sources are discussed.
STP21. Our Global Estuary: A Plan for the Future of Sustainable Estuary Management Through Enhanced Observation and Prediction Systems
William Douglas Wilson, Caribbean Wind, LLC
Coauthors: Antonio Baptista; Megan Davis; Vembu Subramanian; Robert Tudor Our Global Estuary is a response to the urgent need to anticipate and manage changes in estuaries – locally critical ecosystems whose aggregate services are essential for regional and global sustainability. The poster will present the Our Global Estuary concept, how it applies to the problems of estuary management nationally and internationally, and a vision of the future of estuary management.
STP22. The Defense Coastal/Estuarine Research Program – An Integrated Approach to Quantifying Carbon Cycling Throughout the Coastal Landscape at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, NC
Susan Cohen, Dept. of the Navy
Coauthors: Craig Tobias; Carolyn Currin; Iris Anderson The Defense Coastal/Estuarine Research Program, a multi-investigator project at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, NC focuses on carbon cycling with an approach that equally weights intra-habitat mass balancing with inter-habitat exchanges to yield an integrated assessment of carbon (re)distribution across a coastal landscape.
STP23. The Blue Carbon Potential of Living Shorelines
Jenny Davis, CSS/NOAA
Coauthors: Carolyn Currin; Colleen O’Brien Rates of carbon sequestration were investigated via collection of sediment cores in five created and two natural Spartina alterniflora marshes in coastal NC. Sequestration rates were similar between created and natural marshes indicating that living shorelines are valuable as sinks for blue carbon.
STP24. Developing a Model for Methane Emissions in Brackish Marshes for Use in Carbon Crediting
Robert Kyle Derby, University of MD, College Park
Coauthors: Brian A. Needelman, J. Patrick Megonigal Methane is a potent GHG and may offset a significant portion of the carbon sequestration of many brackish marshes. We will develop, calibrate, and validate an addendum to the Marsh Equilibrium Model to estimate methane emissions from brackish marshes using data collected from two marshes on MD’s Eastern Shore.
STP25. Ecosystem Level Methane Fluxes From Tidal Wetlands in LA
Guerry Holm, CH2M HILL
Coauthors: David McWhorter; Brian Perez; Richard Raynie Ecosystem level methane emissions from natural and created tidal wetland habitats that varied in salinity were estimated with eddy covariance techniques over three years. The methane emissions from these LA sites conformed well to an existing methane-salinity relationship established from chamber studies.
STP26. Geographic Concentration of Blue Carbon in the Continental U.S.: The Potential of Specific Estuaries, States, and Wetland Types for Carbon Sequestration
Audra Hinson, Dept. of Ecosystem Science and Management, TX A&M University
Coauthor: Rusty A. Feagin Saltwater wetlands are reservoirs of carbon that can be bought and sold. The objective is to determine amounts of blue carbon in coastal wetlands in the continental U.S., categorizing potential by basin, state, and type. The potential of carbon sequestration relative to location could be influential in policy and society.
STP27. Blue Carbon in the Comox Valley: Monetizing the Benefits of Eelgrass and Salt Marsh Restoration in Coastal Communities
Christine Hodgson, North Island College
Project Watershed, a non-profit community organization located in Comox Valley, British Columbia, Canada, received funding from NAPECA to pursue development of protocols appropriate to measure carbon sequestration in eelgrass and salt marsh habitats in a manner that is cost-effective and can be accomplished by community groups.
STP28. Sediment “Blue Carbon” Concentrations Vary Spatially Between a Restored Zostera marina (Eelgrass) Meadow: Implications for Estimating Carbon Benefits
Matthew Oreska, University of VA
Coauthor: Karen McGlathery Seagrass “blue carbon” sequestration helps mitigate anthropogenic carbon emissions. Calculating the magnitude of this benefit requires information on carbon accumulation and on meadow-scale spatial variation in the sediment carbon pool. We document sediment carbon concentration differences attributable to meadow expansion history and to edge proximity in a restored eelgrass meadow.
STP29. Continuous GHG Measurement at Plot of Field Scale: Tradeoffs in Supporting Blue Carbon Accounting With Chamber or Eddy-Covariance Flux Data
Lisamarie Windham-Myers, USGS Coauthors: Frank Anderson and Brian Bergamaschi, USGS GHG accounting methods (CO2, CH4, and N2O) were compared in a well-documented, restored, subsidence-reversal wetland of CA’s Sacramento – San Joaquin Delta. Methods showed comparable results, but the high spatial and temporal frequency of chamber data illustrated unappreciated flux pathways and opportunities to maximize carbon accounting through wetland design, monitoring, and modeling.
STP30. Fraser River Fisheries Restoration Using an Experimental Approach to Armouring the Foreshore
Jim Armstrong, Salmon Enhancement Habitat Advisory Board
Fraser River Fisheries Habitat Restoration/Foreshore Stabilization Project has a primary purpose to stabilize the river foreshore and restore/enhance the sensitive fisheries habitat in this area of the Fraser River using an experimental approach that will account for climate change and SLR. The project has been designed to use natural materials and native vegetation.
STP31. Comparison of Lead Concentrations in the Sediments and Biota of Stratford Point Before and After Restoration at the Mouth of the Housatonic River, CT
Courtney Ray, Sacred Heart University
Coauthors: Jennifer Mattei; John Rapaglia; Mark Beekey We compared the lead concentrations in sediments and biota before and after remediation and restoration. This unique technique in Long Island Sound, is experimenting with installing a ‘living shoreline’ to cap the site, decrease lead exposure to wildlife, slow coastal erosion, and increase estuarine habitats.
STP32. Initial Recruitment of Macroalgal and Invertebrate Species on an Artificial Reef in Long Island Sound, Stratford Point, CT
Brett Buckhout, Sacred Heart University
Coauthors: Jennifer H. Mattei; Mark A. Beekey; LaTina Steele The construction of a living shoreline at Stratford Point, CT was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the structure in protecting coastal shoreline from storm generated erosion. The living shoreline was designed using a marsh edge stabilization approach. Biotic data were collected and analyzed to determine recruitment success.
STP33. Shoreline Remediation at Stratford Point, CT Using Reef Balls for Wave Energy Reduction as Part of a Hybrid Living Shoreline Protection Strategy
Andrew Dolan, Sacred Heart University
Coauthors: John Rapaglia; Mark Beekey; Jennifer Mattei At Stratford Point, CT, a previously degraded salt marsh is being remediated by installing 60 Reef Balls parallel to the shoreline that will mitigate wave energy causing beach erosion. To mitigate beach erosion, we are using a hybrid approach of hard permeable structures and a living shoreline of Spartina grass.
STP34. Living Shorelines, Techniques, and Successes
Jim McFarlane, Reef Ball Foundation / Reef Innovations
Coauthors: Larry Beggs; Jim McFarlane Reef Balls used in various coastal settings will be studied. We expect excellent results in shoreline restoration, increased shoreline resilience, and long range results with sea level rising. Pre-sight studies and approval of project will provide baseline analysis of the area. On-site quantitative data and photographic records will be analyzed to show the effectiveness of the projects.
STP35. Living Shorelines: Using Created Oyster Reefs and Science to Develop Better Erosion Control Structures for GA
Jan Mackinnon, GA DNR: Coastal Resources Division Coauthors: T. Bliss, Marine Extension Service; S. Coleman, Little Saint Simons Island; C. Lambert, TNC This presentation details the engineering, biological attributes, and benefits of the recently constructed erosion control, living shoreline oyster reef on Little Saint Simons Island, GA. Included in the project are an Essential Fisheries Habitat study coupled with the novel use of interspersed vegetation plantings and geotextile for enhanced erosion-resistance and habitat benefits.
STP38. Living Shorelines: Small-Scale Restoration Efforts and Their Ecological Impacts on Local Communities.
Jim Dobberstine, Lee College and Galveston Bay Foundation Coauthors: Tia Hall, Lee College; Lee Anne Wilde, Galveston Bay Foundation Data was collected at living shorelines sites to quantify potential benefits of small-scale restoration projects around Galveston Bay. The data suggest that while the restored sites are similar to natural sites across a number of characteristics measured, time may be required before community development achieves ecologic parity with comparable natural sites.
STP39. Living Shoreline Sites in DE: Site Selection, Research Design, and Lessons Learned
Matthew Jennette, DE DNR and Environmental Control (DNREC) Coauthors: Alison B. Rogerson, DNREC; Danielle Kreeger and Joshua Moody, Partnership for the DE Estuary Living shoreline projects were installed in tributaries of the Delaware Bay and Inland Bays to showcase natural alternatives to hard armoring and educate contractors and landowners. Criteria for site selection, drafting construction plans, establishing a research program, and navigating the permitting process are documented to guide restoration efforts.
STP40. New Performance Assessment and Guidance Document of “Soft” and “Hard” Shore Protection Techniques in Puget Sound
Jim Johannessen, Coastal Geologic Services Coauthors: Andrea MacLennan and Alexis Blue, Coastal Geologic Services Quantitative performance analysis of 25 “soft” and “hard” shore projects informed the development of a guidance document for the sheltered marine shores of Puget Sound.
STP41. Pilot Living Shorelines Project Design and Data From San Francisco Bay
Marilyn Latta, CA State Coastal Conservancy Coauthors: Katharyn Boyer, San Francisco State University; Jeremy Lowe, ESA PWA; Chela Zabin, University of CA, Davis
The San Francisco Bay Living Shorelines Project is a multi-objective habitat restoration project with the overarching goal to create biologically rich and diverse subtidal and low intertidal habitats, including eelgrass and oyster reefs. Preliminary data show that restored habitat structure promotes increased abundance of numerous organisms and reduces wave energy.
STP42. Restorative Landscaping in a Coastal Ecosystem: Living Shorelines
Rosmarie Lohnes, Helping Nature Heal, Inc.
Coauthor: Kirsten Busche Restorative landscaping treats the environment and people as an interconnected system and focuses on the importance of the design component of coastal management. The technique we use to design Living Shorelines is “Land to Water”. The broader ecosystem is considered in designs that incorporate the needs of the environment with those of the people using the system to create sustainable coastlines.
STP43. Coastal Marsh/Living Shoreline Restoration Pilot Projects in the Mid-Atlantic Region: Chesapeake Bay and Barnegat Bay Watersheds
Lawrence Malizzi, Matrix New World Engineering, Inc.
Coauthors: Rejina Sharma; Robert R. Fiorile Matrix and Restore the Earth Foundation are implementing two living shoreline pilot projects in the mid-Atlantic region. The projects utilize innovative technology successfully employed in the Gulf region to demonstrate that this restoration method can be successfully adapted to local conditions of the mid-Atlantic.
STP44. Shoreline Green Infrastructure – The Next Generation of Resilient Techniques
Ed Morgereth, Biohabitats, Inc.
This poster covers the innovation of shoreline management and green infrastructure applications for more resilient coastal communities, particularly in developed areas. From case studies and demonstration projects the future needs and possibilities for new techniques and applications are explored with the goal of regenerating ecological functions for improved ecosystem services.
STP45. Assessment of Landscape-Seascape Connectivity in a Developed Estuary Based on Diamondback Terrapin Distribution Models
Robert Isdell, VA Institute of Marine Science, College of William & Mary
Coauthors: Randolph M. Chambers; Donna M. Bilkovic; Matthias Leu To assess landscape-seascape connectivity in a developed estuary, we used occupancy models to relate diamondback terrapin occurrence survey data to human, habitat, and environmental variables at multiple spatial scales. We identified thresholds for terrapin occurrence that relate to ecosystem health and functioning with implications for managers.
STP46. Diamondback Terrapin in Maryland’s Coastal Bays: Science and Outreach
Roman Jesien, MD Coastal Bays Program
Coauthors: Bill Mahoney; Sandi Smith We describe activities conducted from 2010 to 2014 in MD’s Atlantic Bays to expand information on terrapin distribution within the coastal bays and for outreach on the challenges to terrapin survival. Activities include: head count surveys, removal of abandoned crab pots, reporting terrapins, and encourage use of turtle excluders.
STP47. Sand Seepage Wetland Restoration at Lizard Hill, MD
Roman Jesien, MD Coastal Bays Program Coauthors: Joe Berg, Biohabitats, Inc; Keith Underwood, Underwood and Assoc.; Kevin Smith, MD DNR We describe results of monitoring a restoration sand seepage wetland dominated by Atlantic white cedar in MD’s Atlantic coast. Physical measurements, temperature, and dissolved oxygen generally increased from upstream to the downstream station. Nutrients exhibited wide fluctuations but nitrogen and phosphorus consistently decreased from the upstream to downstream during summer.
STP48. Assessing and Restoring Tidal Restrictions in Casco Bay, ME
Curtis Bohlen, Casco Bay Estuary Partnership
Coauthor: Matthew Craig, Casco Bay Estuary Partnership At least 70 roads, dams, and other structures restrict saltwater inundation of Casco Bay’s salt marshes, altering hydrological regimes and habitat. The Casco Bay Estuary Partnership developed innovative rapid assessment and remote sensing techniques to identify tidal restrictions, prioritize restoration efforts, and inform implementation and monitoring.
STP49. Macro- and Meso-Tidal Wetland Restoration in Canada’s Maritime Provinces
Jennie Graham, CBWES, Inc. Coauthors: Nancy Neatt and Tony Bowron, CBWES, Inc.; Robert Pett, Nova Scotia Dept. of Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal
The focus of this poster is on the eight tidal wetland restoration projects in Nova Scotia that are using the GPAC Regional Monitoring Program in order to illustrate some of the lessons learned regarding the ecological condition of Nova Scotia tidal wetlands and their response to restoration efforts.
STP50. Fragmentation of Jekyll Island’s Forgotten “First Creek”: Planning for Restoration
Ben Carswell, Jekyll Island State Park Authority
Coauthors: Kimberly Andrews; Elizabeth King; Guy Moore A tidal system formerly known as First Creek on Jekyll Island, GA, exists in a fragmented and degraded state. The objectives of this work are to assess drivers of ecosystem health, evaluate restoration methodologies, and monitor ecosystem variables to prepare for restoration.
STP51. Investigating the Development of a Bay Promontory Salt Marsh in Greenbackville, VA Through Vibracoring
Adam Cooper, Kutztown University
Coauthors: Adrienne Oakley; Sean Cornell; Eric Wink Vibracore samples from the Greenbackville/Franklin City salt marsh provide details about the origin of this bay promontory marsh. Initial results from cores collected in March 2014 suggest that the salt marsh grew outward into the bay over time.
STP52. Expansion of Phragmites australis Resulting From Alteration of Salt Marsh Hydrology Due to Anthropogenic Causes at Greenbackville, VA
Megan Kelsall, Shippensburg University
Coauthors: Benjamin Eppley; Sean Cornell Water monitoring wells were installed and the data collected were used to investigate the dynamics of the hydrologic activity in the salt marsh at Greenbackville, VA. To explain how people have affected the marsh, the data collected, infrastructure placement, and the growth of the invasive plant Phragmites australias were studied.
STP53. Long-Term Planning for Forested Wetland Restoration at an Estuary’s Edge
Robin Dingle, The ELM Group, Inc.
Coauthors: Matthew Bennett; Peter Brussock This poster presentation will identify the hydrologic conditions of the forested wetland complex pre- and postremediation, including an assessment of the frequency and intensity of storm events over the past 30 years and their influence on the restored wetland’s hydrology. The data will be extrapolated to estimate future wetland hydrology and the impact on plant species composition.
STP54. Pre-Restoration Hydrological Results of Atlantic Coast and Chesapeake Bay Ditched-Drained Marshes on the Eastern Shore of MD
Dorothea Lundberg, University of MD
Coauthors: Brian Needelman; Karen Prestegaard This project assesses hydrological processes in ditched-drained marshes in Atlantic Coast and Chesapeake Bay marshes. Main objective is to identify and compare pre-restoration and natural unaltered unditched site characteristics in ditched, unditched, and one reference site. Results of pre-restoration period of hydrological, soil, water quality, and salinity will be presented.
STP55. Strategic Marsh Adaptation: The MAST Tool
Charles Colgan, Monterey Institute of International Studies
Coauthor: Sam Merrill To help guide the inward migration of wetlands, the Marsh Adaptation Strategy Tool (MAST) was developed and tested. Expert-allocated Wetland Benefit Units and Benefit Creation Functions enable the software to evaluate cumulative expected benefits over time. Counterintuitively, the smallest test parcel generated the greatest value, demonstrating need for topographically-sensitive software.
STP56. The Hole-in-the-Donut Success Story: Soil Removal Transforms Invasive Monoculture to Herbaceous Wetland
Jill Meyer, CSS-Dynamac Coauthors: Suzanne Kennedy, Floravista, Inc.; Steve Woodmansee, Pro Native Consulting; Jonathan Taylor, Everglades National Park
Through removal of invasive Brazilian pepper and farmed top-soil The Hole-in-the-Donut, a 6,600 acre wetland mitigation area in the Everglades National Park, has been successfully restored to herbaceous marsh. Vegetation monitoring and analyses indicates restored areas have consistently met government regulatory mitigation criteria targets starting one year after soil removal.
STP57. Tolerance Capacity and Acclimation of Coastal Plant Species to Variation in Salinity and Hydric Stress for Restoration of Urban Wetlands
Wilmer O. Rivera-De Jesús, University of PR – Río Piedras Campus
Coauthor: Elvira Cuevas This study evaluates the tolerance capacity of three coastal plants species to varying condition in hydric and salt stress. These species are used in the rehabilitation of urban wetlands. For this reason it is important to know the degree of tolerance that these species can have to different stress conditions.
STP58. Nueces Marsh Restoration Master Plan: Successful Implementation of Flexible Design and Funding Strategies
Cameron Perry, HDR
To address habitat losses in Nueces Bay, TX, Coastal Bend Bays and Estuaries Program (CBBEP) developed a long-term restoration master plan to create 160 acres of marsh complex. The flexible plan and permit allowed CBBEP to pursue multiple funding sources to quickly complete the entire project scope.
STP59. Rumney Marsh Wetland Restoration Areas
Edward Reiner, EPA
The status of Rumney Marsh restoration projects involving fill removal or the installation of self-regulating tide gates is depicted on mapping products prepared by Region 1 GIS Center.
STP60. Safeguarding From Sulfide: Can Pescadero Estuary Be Restored?
Chandra Richards, University of CA, Berkeley
Coauthor: Céline Pallud Die-offs of steelhead trout in the Pescadero Estuary have prompted studies into the causal reasons for their deaths, implicating biogeochemical conditions of the aquatic ecosystem. This research reviews sulfur redox processes, biochemical conditions, and anthropogenic disturbances at Pescadero in determining if environmental mitigation is likely before damages to Pescadero are irreversible.
STP61. Sampling Suspended Sediment Within Estuarine Wetlands: A Case Study in San Francisco Bay
Lisa Schile, San Francisco Bay NERR
Coauthors: Matt Ferner; John Callaway; Evyan Borgnic We developed and tested a simple method for sampling suspended sediment entering into estuarine wetlands. Resulting data were used to inform three marsh accretion models previously applied to San Francisco Bay wetlands. Future application of the method will allow comparison of sediment inputs to a variety of estuarine wetlands.
STP62. Upper Newport Bay Ecosystem Restoration Project – Three Years of Post-Construction Monitoring
Lawrence Smith, USACE Coauthors: Jane Grandon, USACE; Rachel Woodfield, Merkel & Associates The poster presents three years of post-construction monitoring for the Upper Newport Bay Ecosystem Restoration Project.
STP63. Two-Dimensional Hydrodynamic Model to Describe Marsh Platform Flow With Barrier Design
Susan Taylor, Abt Associates and Vanderbilt University Coauthor: David J. Furbish, Vanderbilt University We present an analysis of the flow regime on salt marsh platforms exposed to various barrier designs, with implications for primary productivity and marsh platform inundation. The model provides the first steps for examining whether shoreline structures contribute to macrophyte sustainability or degradation, or contribute to platform erosion.
STP64. Restoration of a Suburban, Coastal Woodland: Management of Aggressive Invasive Plant Species
Lindsay Tomaszewski, Sacred Heart University
Coauthors: Matt Baldwin; Jennifer Mattei Invasive plant species were identified and mapped in the area of a fragmented coastal wetland. The most aggressive of these species have a rhizome root system, decreasing the effectiveness of many removal methods. Alternative procedures were examined to determine to most successful eradication technique.
STP66. Louisiana’s Coastwide Reference Monitoring System-Wetlands (CRMS): Past, Present, and Future
Leigh Anne Sharp, Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of LA
The Coastwide Reference Monitoring System-Wetlands is funded by the Coastal Wetlands Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act and LA to monitor the effectiveness of LA’s coastal restoration effort at multiple scales. Hydrologic, elevation change, vegetation, and spatial data are utilized for project assessment, planning, and modeling.
STP67. Are Tidal Marsh Restorations Designed To Be Resilient to Climate Change?
Judith Weis, Rutgers University
Coauthor: Beth Ravit, Rutgers University “No fill” policies may undermine urban marsh restoration success. Recent salt marsh restorations in NY/NJ did not address future SLR or storms, while CA and LA did, including use of dredged material to create new marshland. Marsh “replenishment” should be specifically allowed in regulatory policy to preserve and restore low-lying urban coastal marshes.
STP68. The Effects of Long-Term Water Level Management Upon Accretion and Wetland Elevations in the Coastal Impoundments of DE
Bartholomew Wilson, USFWS Coauthors: Drexel Siok, Kenny Smith, and Christina Pinkerton, DE Coastal Program/DNREC This study evaluated the effects of long-term impoundment management on the rate of accretion and wetland platform elevational deficiencies, as compared to reference wetlands. Cs-137 analysis and RTK surveying were conducted on nine impoundments and four tidal wetlands to evaluate the effect of management upon their evolution.
STP69. Evaluation of Tidal Marsh Stability as a Component of Remediation and Restoration Planning in an Urban Estuary
Jennifer Wollenberg, The ELM Group, Inc.
Coauthor: Peter P. Brussock Marsh area, vegetation, and channel geomorphology were evaluated over time at an estuarine Superfund site. Marsh functions and values, and aboveground biomass, were also measured. The morphology appears stabilized by the Phragmites-dominated plant community. No relationship was observed between contaminant concentrations and biomass or wetland functions and values.
STP71. Beneficial Use of Dredged Material to Restore Resiliency to Salt Marshes: Two Methods Explored
Metthea Yepsen, TNC
Coauthor: Adrianna Zito-Livingston This study pilots two salt marsh restoration techniques using dredged materials in NJ. Two methods were employed for this project: 1) thin-layer placement of dredged material to help marshes keep pace with SLR and 2) dredged material used to restore marsh area lost to erosion.
STP72. Distribution Patterns of Tropical Wetlands in the Course of Reforestation and Urbanization
Mei Yu, University of PR, Río Piedras Campus
Coauthors: Qiong Gao; Luis Villanueva; Daniel Davila The coastal wetland in PR has been under great pressure for cultivation historically and coastal development recently. However, the implementation of laws and regulations on wetland protection since the 1970s resulted in the recovery of coastal wetlands and led to its aggregation with the fragmentation reduced by more than half.
STP73. Evolution of Community-Based Restoration Techniques for Transition Zone Habitat at Eden Landing Ecological Reserve in San Francisco Bay, CA
Hayley Zemel, Save The Bay, San Francisco Coauthors: Jack States, Jon Backus, and Donna Ball, Save The Bay The transition zones between the coastal marshes and upland areas of San Francisco Bay are critical habitat for hundreds of species, some of which are threatened or endangered. We describe the evolution of Save The Bay’s community-based restoration techniques in these critical areas using case studies of sites over a six-year period.
STP74. Salt Marsh Integrity Assessment Baseline Monitoring Results: 15 National Wildlife Refuges – ME to VA, 2012 – 2014
Susan Adamowicz, USFWS/ Rachel Carson NWR
Coauthors: Toni Mikula; Jordan Kramer; Jan Taylor The results from three years of salt marsh conditions at 15 NWR are presented here. Study sites included coastal refuges located from ME to VA. Data from 2012/13 will be summarized and a preliminary assessment of 2014 findings given. This project will inform current and future restoration efforts.
STP75. Measuring Tidal Wetland Resilience Across Region Five: Monitoring Protocol for Hurricane Sandy Mitigation Projects
Georgia Basso, USFWS
The USFWS Sandy Team conducted a needs assessment and developed monitoring protocol in an effort to ensure success of Hurricane Sandy Mitigation Projects. This poster presentation will cover the planning process, resulting monitoring protocol and how the protocol is being applied to improve restoration for resilience in the Sandy affected areas of Region 5.
STP76. Tidal Marsh Restoration at Edwin B. Forsythe and Cape May NWR
Paul Castelli, USFWS EB Forsythe NWR
Coauthors: Virginia Rettig; Brian Braudis; Heidi Hanlon We will discuss a suite of projects designed to mitigate impacts of Hurricane Sandy and reduce threats to resiliency of Edwin B. Forsythe and the Cape May NWR complex. Our goal is to maintain and improve green infrastructure and safeguard ecosystem services, including wildlife habitat and protection of shore communities.
STP77. Hurricane Sandy Resiliency Restoration of Salt Marsh Habitat on NWR in RI: A Preliminary Summary
Nick Ernst, USFWS RI NWR Complex
The John Chafee NWR includes salt marshes along the Narrow River which are subjected to wave impacts. A comprehensive assessment of waves, marsh bank conditions, and erosion was performed. In 2014, 1,500 linear feet of biologs (plus oyster sills) and controls were established. Preliminary findings will be presented.
STP78. Comprehensive Marsh and Water Monitoring Guides for Wetland Management, Planning, and Restoration at Prime Hook NWR on the Delaware Bay
Susan Guiteras, USFWS Bombay Hook NWR
Coauthors: Annabella Larsen; Bob Scarborough; Mike Mensinger Prime Hook NWR plans a large-scale tidal marsh restoration in 4,000 acres of previously managed freshwater wetlands, which were impacted by saltwater intrusion through substantial dune breaches during recent storms, including Hurricane Sandy. The proposed restoration design, monitoring, and current project status will be described in more detail.
STP79. A Regional Collaboration to Assess Lessons Learned and Best Practices From Marsh Restoration Projects Across the Superstorm Sandy-Impacted Region
Nicole Maher, TNC
TNC is assembling a multi-state Regional Technical Workgroup composed of salt marsh restoration practitioners from across the Sandy-impacted region to share lessons learned and best practices. This regional collaboration will allow a synoptic analysis of marsh response to similar techniques and a more comprehensive approach for implementing adaptive management.
STP80. Oyster Reef Restoration at Chincoteague NWR in VA
Kevin Holcomb, USFWS Coauthor: Bowdoin Lusk, TNC The USFWS, in partnership with TNC, NPS, and the VA Marine Resources Commission, are planning to construct two living shoreline/oyster reef restoration projects on the Chincoteague NWR. The proposed restoration design, monitoring, and current project status will be described in more detail.
STP81. The Value of Information in Ocean Energy Development
Zaneta Adme, East Carolina University
A large number of parameters for Gulf Stream energy are highly uncertain. Particularly, although not uniquely, important are the current speeds in the Gulf Stream over three dimensions of space and over time. Using a fairly flexible model of levelized cost, the economic value of increasing confidence and/or reducing variance in estimates of key model parameters.
STP82. Predicting Effects of Changing Salinity and Light on Native and Invasive Submerged Plants in the Upper San Francisco Estuary
Evyan Borgnis, CA Coastal Conservancy Coauthor: Katharyn Boyer, San Francisco State University This poster will describe an investigation into impacts from shifting salinity and light regimes within the San Francisco Estuary on native and invasive SAV. Currently, competition likely limits native SAV in freshwater, but rising salinity and falling turbidity could lead to an eastward distribution shift as invasive SAV becomes too stressed to compete.
STP83. Distribution and Diversity of Invasive Tunicates on Eelgrass in Eastern North America
David Grunden, Town of Oak Bluffs, MA Coauthors: Mary R. Carman, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute; Philip D. Colarrusso, EPA The impacts of tunicates using eelgrass blades as a settlement surface, especially invasive species, is detrimental to healthy eelgrass meadows. The results to the eelgrass are reduced growth rates, reduced number of leaves per shoot, and reduced canopy height.
STP85. Mangrove Ecology and Restoration Potentiality in the Miri River Estuary, Sarawak, Malaysia
Abu Hena Mustafa Kamal, Universiti Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus
Coauthor: M.K.A. Bhuiyan Mangroves are important coastal habitats that help to stabilize banks and coastline and become homes to many organisms. The degradation of this forest due to anthropogenic activities may cause depletion of various ecosystem functions. This poster outlines the present status of mangroves and its ecosystem, which help to restore a wetland in a degraded estuary in Malaysia.
STP87. Assessment of the Ecological Uplift Associated with the Restoration of the Caño Martín Peña (San Juan Bay, PR)
David Tomasko, Environmental Science Associates Coauthors: Don Deis, Atkins North America; Francisco Perez, Atkins Caribe; Katia Aviles, Corporación del Proyecto ENLACE del Caño Martín Peña
The closure of the Caño Martín Peña has resulted in reduced tidal exchange into San José Lagoon from San Juan Bay. Reestablishment of the tidal connection is anticipated to benefit not only San José Lagoon, but also those species that use nearshore reef environments for (typically) adult stages of their life cycle.
STP88. Community-Based Oyster Gardening, Monitoring, and Restoration in the Indian River Lagoon, FL
Samantha Anderson, Brevard Zoo Coauthors: Jody Palmer, Brevard Zoo; Holly Abeels, University of FL IFAS Extension, Brevard County; Virginia Barker, Brevard County Natural Resources The Brevard Oyster Gardening Project is a community-based project utilizing citizen scientists to collect data regarding the survivability of oysters in the Indian River Lagoon for oyster reef restoration efforts. Filter feeding oysters have the potential to improve the water quality and overall health of the Indian River Lagoon.
STP89. The Coalition to Restore Coastal Louisiana’s “Oyster Shell Recycling and Reef Restoration Program”
- Leveraging Partnerships to Implement LA’s First Oyster Shell Recycling Program
Hilary Collis, Coalition to Restore Coastal Louisiana (CRCL) Coauthors: Jenny Byrd and Kelly Messer, CRCL In 2014, CRCL created the state’s first formalized oyster shell recycling program. CRCL leveraged partnerships from Shell, NOAA, the LA Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, local restaurants, recycling companies, and volunteers to ensure program success. Shell collection began in May 2014, and shell will be used for volunteer-based projects.
STP90. Shell Recycling as an Integral Part of Oyster Restoration in VA
Jackie Shannon, Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF)
Coauthors: Tommy Leggett; Bill Goldsboro CBF recognizes the importance of shell recycling as a key component of restoring healthy oyster populations in VA. CBF works with many dedicated partners and volunteers to recycle this valuable resource through outreach and education. Current efforts are yielding about 700 bushels of shells annually. The reclaimed shells are utilized for “spat on shell” production.
STP91. Fossil Oyster Shell in Oyster Restoration: From Underwater to Underground and Back Again
Eric Weissberger, MD DNR
Coauthor: Michael Naylor Fossil oyster shell from FL is a favored but cost-prohibitive substrate for oyster reef restoration. Donation of transport costs by CSX railroad lowered the overall price, allowing MD to use fossil shell in the largest oyster sanctuary restoration projects ever attempted in Chesapeake Bay, and potentially for public fishery enhancement.
STP92. Utilizing Oyster Breakwaters and Other Living Shoreline Techniques to Create a Resilient Shoreline in the Delaware Bay
Moses Katkowski, TNC
Coauthors: Patricia Doerr; Metthea Yepsen; Adrianna Zito-Livingston TNC in NJ will present the engineering plans, monitoring plans, and lessons learned from the preparation of an oyster breakwater project in the Delaware Bay that will test the efficacy of this innovative technique in a high energy shoreline in a Mid-Atlantic Estuary in 2015.
STP93. Analysis, Design, and Construction of Selected Oyster Reef Shoreline Projects in the Gulf of Mexico
Tyler Ortego, Wayfarer Environmental Technologies/ORA Estuaries
This poster will give an overview of oyster reef shoreline installations constructed of OysterBreak armor units, specifically looking at project design, construction methods, and coastal engineering analysis.
STP94. Restoring Habitat for the Selfless Shellfish: Community-Based Restoration, Research and Monitoring of Intertidal Oyster Reefs in Mosquito Lagoon, FL
Jody Palmer, Brevard Zoo
Coauthors: Linda Walters; Paul Sacks Brevard Zoo and University of Central FL are working in partnership to research, restore, and monitor oyster reefs in the Indian River Lagoon, FL. From the classroom to the field, the partners are empowering the community to act for a healthier lagoon.
STP95. Innovative Oyster Reef Restoration in Matagorda Bay, TX
Julie Sullivan, TNC
Coauthor: Mark Dumesnil The oyster reef restoration design of Half Moon Reef incorporates several innovative methods. A larger range of material sizes was used to increase the variability of interstitial habitat spaces for associated marine fauna. The material is placed into three-dimensional rows to mimic the three-dimensional qualities of undisturbed oyster reefs.
STP96. R/V Patricia Campbell: State-of-the-Art Oyster Restoration Vessel
Karl Willey, Chesapeake Bay Foundation
Coauthors: Meghan Hoffman; Dan Johannes The R/V Patricia Campbell, a state-of-the-art oyster restoration vessel, will be described in this poster. She mechanically plants seed oysters, controlling the pattern and density with hydraulic hoppers, built-in conveyor belt and spreader. With through-hull spuds and a deck crane, she also has the capacity to transport and place artificial reef units like reef balls.
STP97. A Meta-Analysis of Modeled Nitrogen Removal From Shellfish Farms
Suzanne B. Bricker, NOAA
Coauthors: Julie M. Rose; Joao G. Ferreira The use of shellfish aquaculture for the reduction of coastal eutrophication is proposed. A meta-analysis of modeled nitrogen removal by shellfish farms in 14 locations in 9 countries across 4 continents and 7 species is presented. Predicted removal rates compared favorably to agricultural best management practices and stormwater control measures.
STP98. Adaptation of Freshwater Stream Restoration Techniques to Restore Estuarine Waterways
Matthew Bennett, The ELM Group, Inc.
Coauthors: Robin Dingle; Peter Brussock The Rosgen method for natural channel restoration is widely accepted and has been incorporated into freshwater waterway restoration projects across the continental U.S. The core principle of measuring morphological relationships of stable streams and applying those relationships to streams that need restoration can be applied to any river system, whether unidirectional or tidal.
STP99. Using Water Quality Monitoring Data to Direct Restoration Efforts: A Case Study in the Pettaquamscutt Estuary (Narrow River) in Southern RI
Veronica Berounsky, University of RI Coauthors: Annette DeSilva, URI-GSO and Narrow River Preservation Association.; Elizabeth Scott, RIDEM; Charles E. Vandemoer, USFWS Water quality monitoring data are crucial in pinpointing bacterial and nutrient hot spots and then planning restoration efforts in the Pettaquamscutt Estuary. The USFWS, a non-profit environmental organization, university scientists, a state agency, and two towns in the watershed are working together to achieve this.
STP100. Owl Creek Stream Assessment and Analysis: Identifying Potential Sources of Water Quality Impairment in a Tidal Watershed to Support a Stormwater Management Plan
Matt Petty, CDM Smith, Inc.
Coauthor: Robert Hopper In support of the City of Virginia Beach’s Comprehensive Stormwater Management Plan, the Center for Watershed Protection’s Unified Stream Assessment method was modified for use within the non-wadeable, tidal Owl Creek watershed. Potential sources of water quality impairment were identified and prioritized, so the City could implement recommended corrective actions.
STP101. Making Ditches Work for Water Quality: An Opportunity to Improve the Chesapeake Bay With High-Value, Low-Cost Roadside Ditch Restoration
Amy Jacobs, TNC Coauthors: Alan Girard, Chesapeake Bay Foundation; Kathy Boomer, TNC; Ray Clarke, Talbot County Public Works
Roadside ditch networks present an ideal opportunity to improve water quality from both agricultural and urban sources that minimizes loss of cropland and maximizes county resources. We developed a decision support tool in collaboration with government officials, farmers/landowners, and other NGOs to identify and implement enhancement and restoration opportunities.
STP102. Innovative In-Stream Control Methodologies for Reducing Nonpoint Source Pollution and Abating Phosphorus Loadings to the Great Lakes
Michele Leduc-Lapierre, Great Lakes Commission
Coauthors: Thomas Crane; Erika Jensen; Elizabeth Lillard This poster presents a comprehensive overview of innovative in-stream best management practices used throughout the U.S. and Canada to reduce nonpoint source pollution and phosphorus loadings, including riparian buffers, reactive materials, and two-stage ditches. Information is provided on the costs, effectiveness, and successful implementation of these technologies.
STP103. Effects of Wet and Dry Weather Events on Bacteria (Enterococci) Levels and Detection of Hotspots in a Brackish Water Marina in TX
Emily Seldomridge, Galveston Bay Foundation Coauthors: Ryan Bare, TX A&M University; Katie McCann and Charlene Bohanon, Galveston Bay Foundation Water quality monitoring in marinas is lacking in the Galveston Bay region, making it difficult to quantify their role in fecal bacteria impairments. This study measured Enterococci concentrations throughout a marina to detect bacteria hotspots and gradients, and compare them to rainfall accumulation to determine the role of stormwater runoff.
STP104. Formation of Iron/Cadmium Nanofiber in the Decontamination Process of Wastewater
Keyla Soto, UPR
Coauthors: Beatriz Zayas; Rolando Guzman-Blas; Carlos R. Cabrera The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of the nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) nanoparticles in the removal of Cd(II), from aqueous solutions of 1, 3, and 6 ppm. These results suggest that nZVI could be employed as an efficient adsorbent for the removal of cadmium from contaminated water sources.
STP105. Nodal Point Pollution, Variability, Sustainability, and Water Quality Stressors and Its Relationship to Restoration
Diana Muller, South River Federation Coauthor: Andrew Muller, United States Naval Academy An estuarine sustainability characterization map was developed in order to prioritize restoration goals by using six years of intensive physiochemical data. Results indicate that individual tidal creeks may be considered nodes of pollutant sources and must be treated accordingly when it comes to restoration types.
STP106. Understanding Lake Erie Water Quality Dynamics Using an Unstructured-Based Bio-Physical Model
Meng Xia, University of MD Eastern Shore
Coauthors: Qianru Niu; Long Jiang; Edward Rutherford A three-dimensional, wave-current based coupled model was used to simulate hydrodynamics, nutrient, phytoplankton and zooplankton, particularly in western Lake Erie. We evaluated the interactive effects of river discharge and wind-driven currents on the plume, nutrient, phytoplankton, and zooplankton distribution. The effect of wave to nutrient/zooplankton dynamics is further investigated.
STP107. Estimated Influence of Conowingo Reservoir Infill on the Chesapeake Bay TMDL
Guido Yactayo, University of MD Center for Environmental Science
Coauthors: Lewis C. Rinker; Richard Tian; Ping Wang The ability of the Conowingo reservoir on the lower Susquehanna River to trap sediment is declining and the contribution of pollutants delivered to the Chesapeake Bay is increasing over time. The influence of the Conowingo reservoir infill on Chesapeake water quality was assessed using various modeling approaches.
STP108. Post-Sandy Bradley Beach Maritime Forest Creation: A Small-Scale Project With Large-Scale Application Potential
Aleksandr Modjeski, American Littoral Society
Coauthors: Chris Benosky; Chris Syrett Coastal lakes are unique features and important natural resources of NJ’s coastline. The Bradley Beach Maritime Forest Creation and Restoration Project was implemented as a small-scale case study that could serve as a model and template for future, more comprehensive resiliency restoration efforts.
STP109. Accelerating recovery after the Deepwater Forizon Oil Spill: Response of the Macroinvertebrate Community to Shoreline Oiling Effects
Stefan Bourgoin, Atkins Coauthor: Don Deis, Atkins This study examines the effect that the Deepwater Horizon has had on macroinvertebrate communities in Barataria Bay, LA. Study sites are grouped as reference, moderately-oiled, and heavily-oiled. Results thus far have shown the greatest abundance of Littoraria irrorata on moderately-oiled sites, although smaller individuals inhabit the heavily-oiled sites, suggesting a possible new recruitment.
STP110. Evaluating Land-Use Effects on the Stinging Sea Nettle: Are Shoreline Hardening Structures Creating Habitat for Nuisance Species?
Nina Sassano, East Carolina University
Coauthor: David Kimmel This project tested the settling rates of asexually reproducing sea nettle (Chrysaora quinqucirrha) polyps on artificial and manmade structures in the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina. The ultimate goal of this project was to determine if polyp settlement differed among common shoreline stabilization materials.
STP111. A Blue Carbon Case Study – Restoration of K’omoks Estuary Eelgrass (Zostera marina) Beds: Towards a Marine Sediment Carbon Sequestration Rate Protocol
Angela Spooner, Project Watershed
Seagrass beds are some of the most productive ecosystems on the planet yet their global carbon stores have not yet been adequately assessed. An examination of intertidal and subtidal biomass and sediment samples are being analyzed to determine the baseline carbon storage and sequestration levels in the K’ómoks Estuary eelgrass population and sediments. Sediments from within established eelgrass beds in intertidal and subtidal areas will be compared to an adjacent pelagic site, looking at 210Pb, total organic carbon, inorganic carbon, nitrogen-7 and sediment mixing layer depths.
STP112. The Sonoma Creek Enhancement Project: Habitat Improvement and Mosquito Source Reduction in a Centennial Tidal Marsh
Rachel Spadafore, Audubon California
Coauthors: Stuart Siegel; Dan A. Gillenwater The Sonoma Creek Enhancement Project will improve the hydrological and ecological function of the centennial Sonoma Creek Marsh. Channel networks will improve tidal exchange, nutrient cycling, and provide habitat for marsh-dependent wildlife species, including several listed species. By implementing an innovative transition zone, the project will improve the marsh’s resiliency to sea-level rise.