Enforcement

 

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EPA REGIONS:

March 10, 2015

DOJ lodges proposed consent decree in United States v. Abeldgaard (01-378 RRD, D. Alaska) (CWA Section 404: discharge of fill) :: Proposed consent decree :: Second amended complaint (2005)

Newfield Production agrees to resolve alleged wetlands violations at production sites in Uintah and Duchesne counties (Feb. 2, 2015) :: Administrative Order on Consent

Denver, Colorado-based Newfield Production Company has agreed to resolve alleged CWA violations and complete wetlands restoration and creation projects at production sites in Uintah and Duchesne counties in Utah’s Uinta Basin. The company will also pay a penalty of $175,000. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, Newfield will restore approximately 13 acres of impacted wetlands and streams and will perform mitigation for the remaining impacts by creating more than ten acres of new wetlands. This includes Newfield’s voluntary action to restore and create new wetland areas to remedy impacts at sites previously owned by Harvest Holdings.

Richard Phillips Marine, Inc. and Clackamas County resolve Clean Water Act violation in Sandy River (Jan. 7, 2015)

Work to repair outfall pipeline for the Hoodland Sewage Treatment Plant resulted in unpermitted earthmoving, filling in river

Clackamas County worked with the Army Corps of Engineers and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries to obtain appropriate permitting and Endangered Species Act consultation after the fact. In addition, the county has agreed to complete a mitigation project that will restore important rearing habitat for federally protected juvenile salmon and steelhead in the Sandy River Basin. As part of the agreement, Richard Phillips Marine, Inc. agreed to a $20,000 fine and Clackamas County agreed to a $10,000 fine.

XTO Energy, Inc. to Restore Areas Damaged by Natural Gas Extraction Activities (Dec. 22, 2014)

EPA, DOJ reached a settlement with XTO Energy Inc., a subsidiary of Exxon Mobil, to resolve an alleged CWA violation related to the discharge of wastewater from XTO’s Penn Township, Lycoming County, Pa. facility used to store wastewater generated by natural gas exploration, commonly known as fracking, and production. The settlement "requires that XTO pay a penalty of $100,000 . . . and spend [an estimated] $20 million on a comprehensive plan to improve wastewater management practices to recycle, properly dispose of, and prevent spills of wastewater generated from natural gas exploration and production activities in Pennsylvania and West Virginia." | EPA page on settlement

Utility Company Sentenced in Wyoming for Killing Protected Birds at Wind Projects (Dec. 19, 2014)

"Under a plea agreement with the government, the company was sentenced to pay fines, restitution and community service totaling $2.5 million and was placed on probation for five years, during which it must implement an environmental compliance plan aimed at preventing bird deaths at the company’s four commercial wind projects in the state.  The company is also required to apply for Eagle Take Permits which, if granted, will provide a framework for minimizing and mitigating the deaths of golden eagles at the wind projects." | Plea agreement

EPA announces 2014 enforcement results  (Dec. 18, 2014)

"In fiscal year 2014, EPA enforcement actions required companies to invest more than $9.7 billion in actions and equipment to control pollution and clean up contaminated sites. EPA’s cases resulted in $163 million in combined federal administrative, civil judicial penalties, and criminal fines."

Colorado Big Game Hunting Outfitter Sentenced to More Than Two Years for Role in Illegal Mountain Lion and Bobcat Hunts  (Nov. 21, 2014)

"[Christopher] Loncarich conspired with others to provide numerous illegal hunts of mountain lions and bobcats in Colorado and Utah from 2007 to 2010.  In particular, Loncarich and his confederates trapped, shot and caged mountain lions and bobcats prior to hunts in order to provide easier chases of the cats for clients.  Loncarich also admitted that he and his assistants guided several hunters that did not possess a Utah mountain lion or bobcat license on mountain lion or bobcat hunts in Utah."    |  Indictment information (Jan. 8, 2014)

Agreement reached to restrict use of herbicide in California to protect salmon, steelhead (Nov. 20, 2014)

EPA and NOAA, "in cooperation with state agencies, rice growers and industry, announced an agreement to create federally enforceable restrictions of the pesticide thiobencarb, an herbicide used on rice crops, to protect threatened and endangered salmon and steelhead trout in California."   Final Biological Opinion for thiobencarb and Thiobencarb use restrictions

Modesto wholesaler who filled wetlands to pay $160,000 fine, fund conservation easement (Nov. 18, 2014)

EPA announced a settlement with Edward Lynn Brown, a canned food and nut wholesaler in Modesto, Calif., for destroying nearly 33 acres of vernal pools north of Merced. Brown will pay a $160,000 penalty and purchase and endow a conservation easement valued at $1 million.

Kansas feedlot to pay $16,150 fine for allegedly discharging to creek (Oct. 29, 2014)

Winifred Feed Lot, LLC, has agreed to pay a $16,150 civil penalty to settle alleged CWA violations, according to a proposed consent agreement. An EPA inspection documented pollutant discharges from production areas of the 2,200-head facility to Perkins Creek, a perennial stream that has been listed by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment as impaired because of high levels of phosphorus and total suspended solids. | Public notice

Texas Company to Pay $1.6M for Oil Spill Violations (Oct. 29, 2014)

The federal complaint, which was also filed in U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas, alleges that Superior discharged at least 2,200 barrels (or 92,400 gallons) of crude oil in violation of CWA Section 311. The oil discharged from two tanks at the facility on Feb. 9 and 10, 2010, and crude oil flowed into an unnamed lake and wetlands near the Intracoastal Waterway and Redfish Bay. The complaint also includes related violations of the Clean Water Act’s spill prevention, control, and countermeasure regulations and spill response plan regulations.

Owners of Safari Company Indicted for Illegal Rhino Hunts (Oct. 23, 2014)

"The owners of Out of Africa Adventurous Safaris were charged with conspiracy to sell illegal rhinoceros hunts in South Africa in order to defraud American hunters, money laundering and secretly trafficking in rhino horns."

Iowa farm to pay $9,000 for CWA violations  (Sept. 10, 2014)  |   Consent Agreement/Final Order

Trans Energy Inc. to Restore Streams and Wetland Damaged by Natural Gas Extraction Activities in West Virginia  (Sept. 2, 2014)

The Department of Justice, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection (WVDEP) today announced a settlement with  Trans Energy Inc., requiring the oil and gas company to restore portions of streams and wetlands at 15 sites in West Virginia that were polluted by the company’s unauthorized discharge of dredge or fill material. Trans Energy will pay a penalty of $3 million to be divided equally between the federal government and the WVDEP. The Clean Water Act requires a company to obtain a permit from EPA and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers prior to discharging dredge or fill material into wetlands, rivers, streams and other waters of the United States. | Complaint | FR notice

Archer Daniels Midland Company, a food processing and commodities trading company headquartered in Decatur, Ill., has agreed to settle allegations that it violated the Clean Water Act at five different large oil storage facilities located in Cedar Rapids and Des Moines, Iowa, Columbus, Neb., Mexico, Mo., and Deerfield, Mo. (July 30, 2014)

EPA announces Clean Water Act settlement "requiring the East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) and seven East Bay communities to conduct extensive system repairs aimed at eliminating millions of gallons of sewage discharges into San Francisco Bay. Under today’s agreement, EBMUD and the communities will assess and upgrade their 1,500 mile-long sewer system infrastructure over a 21-year period."  (July 28, 2014) | Settlement is here

EPA Region 7 has reached an administrative consent agreement with a Patton, Mo., property owner to resolve Clean Water Act violations involving unpermitted discharges of pollutants into two tributaries of Baltimore Creek.  (July 1, 2014)

BP Exploration  to pay $450,000 as a penalty for four unauthorized discharges of oil into navigable waters of the United States from BPXA’s pipelines on the North Slope of Alaska from 2007 to 2011. (June 11, 2014)

DOJ announces proposed consent decree to resolve amended CWA complaint (U.S. v. Roberts, 09-812, M.D. Tenn.). (June 2, 2014)

Defendants Richardson M. Roberts and Bucksnort R.R. Ranch, LLC will pay fines and have agreed to perform restoration work, conserve riparian areas, provide funding to benefit water quality in the Lower Duck River watershed, for violating CWA Sections 301 and 404. | Recently proposed consent decrees

Ringleader of International Rhino Smuggling Conspiracy Sentenced in New Jersey to 70 Months in Prison for Wildlife Trafficking Crimes  (May 28, 2014)

"Zhifei Li, the owner of an antique business in China, was sentenced today to serve 70 months in prison for heading an illegal wildlife smuggling conspiracy in which 30 rhinoceros horns and numerous objects made from rhino horn and elephant ivory worth more than $4.5 million were smuggled from the United States to China."

"EPA reaches agreement with the Atlantic Funding and Real Estate home building company and its owner, Alfred Spaziano, to address violations of federal rules that reduce pollution from contaminated stormwater runoff at its Gateway Landing construction site in Green and Gates, New York. (May 27, 2014)

Under the agreement, Atlantic Funding is required to comply with all stormwater control requirements and will pay a $50,000 penalty. The company will also invest nearly $70,000 to construct a bioswale – an area of vegetation or mulch that filters silt and pollution – to reduce pollution from contaminated stormwater discharges into the Erie Canal. The 20,204 square foot bioswale at Gateway Landing will contain a 7,800-square-foot rain garden."

EPA Region 4 has reached an agreement with Nally and Hamilton Enterprises, Inc. for filling streams at two coal mining sites in Kentucky in violation of the Clean Water Act. Under the terms of the Consent Decree, Nally will pay a total civil penalty of $660,000 and has agreed to restore three streams impacted during unauthorized coal mining activities. (May 23, 2014)

EPA Takes Action to Protect Wetlands in Western New York, Cites Local Company for Filling in Over 16 Acres of Wetlands, Adjacent to the Cassadaga Creek  (May 8, 2014)

EPA, DOJ file complaint against Dependable Towing and Recovery and David A. Whitehill for illegally filling 16 acres of wetlands on property in Falconer, N.Y. The complaint seeks restoration of the damaged wetlands and fines. The filled wetlands are next to Cassadaga Creek, which is a tributary to the Allegheny River.

Acting Assistant Attorney General Robert Dreher Speaks at the District of Columbia Bar Association Panel on U.S. Efforts to Combat Wildlife Trafficking  (May 7, 2014)

EPA announces enforcement actions against three Seattle-area companies "for discharging industrial stormwater to Puget Sound waterways in violation of the Clean Water Act. In addition to the companies committing to manage stormwater more diligently at their facilities in the future, they agreed to pay a combined total of $163,500 in penalties." (April 30, 2014)

Environment and Natural Resources Division Releases FY 2013 Accomplishments Report  (April 22, 2014)

Two California Men Indicted for Selling Endangered Black Rhinoceros Horns  (April 2, 2014)

"Edward N. Levine, 63, of Mill Valley, Calif., and Lumsden W. Quan, 46, of San Francisco, were indicted by a federal grand jury in Las Vegas today for the illegal sale of two horns from an endangered black rhinoceros. The indictment is a result of “Operation Crash,” a nationwide effort led by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) and the Justice Department to investigate and prosecute those involved in the black market trade of endangered rhinoceros horns. The indictment charges Levine and Quan each with one count of conspiracy to violate the Lacey Act and the Endangered Species Act and one count of violating the Lacey Act."

Coal Companies and Subsidiaries to Spend Estimated $200 Million on Treatment and System-wide Upgrades to Reduce Water Pollution; $27.5 Million Civil Penalty Is Largest in History Under Section 402 of the Clean Water Act (More on the settlement) (March 5, 2014)

"The government complaint alleged that, between 2006 and 2013, Alpha and its subsidiaries routinely violated limits in 336 of its state-issued CWA permits, resulting in the discharge of excess amounts of pollutants into hundreds of rivers and streams in Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. The violations also included discharge of pollutants without a permit. In total, EPA documented at least 6,289 violations of permit limits for pollutants that include iron, pH, total suspended solids, aluminum, manganese, selenium, and salinity. These violations occurred at 794 different discharge points, or outfalls."

New Hampshire Man Charged with Passing Fraudulent Documents in Connection with His Sale of Black Rhinoceros Horns for $35,000  (11/7/13)

"Ari B. Goldenberg, 46, of Milton, N.H., was charged today with trafficking in and making a false record for illegally selling a black rhinoceros head mount to an undercover U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) special agent." (DOJ site)

Irish National Pleads Guilty in New York to Crimes Relating to Illegal Trafficking of Endangered Rhinoceros Horns  (11/5/13)

"Michael Slattery Jr., 25, an Irish national, pleaded guilty today in federal court in Brooklyn, N.Y., to conspiracy to violate the Lacey Act in relation to illegal rhinoceros horn trafficking, announced Robert G. Dreher, Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Environment and Natural Resources Division of the Department of Justice, and Loretta E. Lynch, U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of New York." (DOJ site)
"Nolan L. Agner, the last of five Virginia Beach charter fishing boat captains convicted of poaching Atlantic striped bass was sentenced today in federal court in Norfolk, Va. All five captains – including Agner, Jeffery S. Adams, Raymond Carroll Webb, David Dwayne Scott, and William W. “Duby” Lowery IV – were sentenced for violating the Lacey Act by selling illegally-harvested striped bass, the Justice Department announced."

Commercial Fisherman Charged with Witness Tampering Related to an Investigation into the Illegal Harvesting of Striped Bass (9/18/13; DOJ)

"Michael D. Hayden Jr., 41, of Tilghman’s Island, Md., was arrested yesterday on charges of witness tampering and retaliation in connection with an investigation of felony Lacey Act violations related to the illegal harvesting of striped bass from the Chesapeake Bay."
"The U.S. District Court in Utah has concluded proceedings and approved a settlement of a lawsuit involving three claimed highway rights-of-way on Bureau of Land Management (BLM) administered public land adjacent to and within the Deep Creek Mountains Wilderness Study Area (WSA). The court approved the settlement between the United States, the state of Utah and Juab County, and the Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, The Wilderness Society, and the Sierra Club."

Antiques Dealer Pleads Guilty in New York City Federal Court to Wildlife Smuggling Conspiracy (8/7/13; DOJ)

"Qiang Wang, a/k/a Jeffrey Wang, a New York antiques dealer, pleaded guilty today in federal court in New York City to conspiracy to smuggle Asian artifacts made from rhinoceros horns and ivory and violate wildlife trafficking laws, announced Robert G. Dreher, the Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Environment and Natural Resources Division of the Department of Justice, Preet Bharara, U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, and Dan Ashe, Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service."

Eight Arrested in Puerto Rico on Charges of Illegal Trade in Endangered Sea Turtles for Human Consumption (7/19/13; DOJ)

"Federal authorities arrested eight people in the cities of Arroyo and Patillas, Puerto Rico, yesterday on felony and misdemeanor charges for the illegal take, possession and sale of endangered sea turtles and their parts for human consumption as well as aiding and abetting violations of the Endangered Species and Lacey Act, announced Robert G. Dreher, the Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Justice Department’s Environment and Natural Resources Division and Rosa Emilia Rodríguez-Vélez, U.S. Attorney for the District of Puerto Rico."

New York Landowner and New Jersey Solid Waste Company Sentenced for Illegally Dumping in Upstate, New York (6/19/13)

"Cross Nicastro, Dominick Mazza, and his company, Mazza & Sons Inc., were sentenced today and yesterday in federal court in Utica, N.Y., for conspiring to violate the Clean Water Act, Superfund statute, and to defraud the United States by illegally dumping thousands of tons of asbestos-contaminated construction debris on a 28-acre piece of property on the Mohawk River in upstate New York. In addition, the Mazza defendants were also sentenced on charges of obstructing justice and making false statements to law enforcement."
"Steven Patrick Garcia, Jr., 36, of San Jose, Calif., was sentenced today in federal court in Billings, Mont., to 24 months in prison to be followed by one year of supervised release for selling and offering to sell migratory bird parts in violation of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) and the Lacey Act, the Department of Justice announced today. Garcia had pleaded guilty to the charge on January 16, 2013."

More from 2013

African Trophy Hunter Indicted for Violating Endangered Species Act and Lacey Act (5/22/13; DOJ)

"Charles Kokesh was indicted by a federal grand jury in Pensacola, Florida, for violating the Endangered Species Act and the Lacey Act by selling two African elephant tusks and for making false accounts of wildlife related to that sale, the Justice Department announced today."

Mississippi Corporation Pleads Guilty and Agrees to $ 1 Million Fine for Illegally Filling Protected Wetlands (5/15/13; DOJ)

"Mississippi-based Hancock County Land LLC (HCL) pleaded guilty today to the unpermitted filling of wetlands near Bay St. Louis, Miss., and agreed to pay a $1 million fine and take remedial measures for two felony violations of the Clean Water Act, announced Assistant Attorney General Ignacia S. Moreno of the Justice Department’s Environment and Natural Resources Division and U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Mississippi Gregory K. Davis.  HCL admitted causing the unauthorized excavation and filling of wetlands on a 1,710 acre parcel of undeveloped property in Hancock County, west of the intersection of Route 603 and Interstate 10."

Smuggling Ring Sentenced in Los Angeles for Criminal Trafficking of Endangered Rhinoceros Horn (5/15/13; DOJ)

Vinh Chuong “Jimmy” Kha, 50, and Felix Kha 26, were sentenced today in federal district court in Los Angeles to serve 42 and 46 months, respectively, in prison for crimes related to illegal international trafficking of rhinoceros horn, announced Ignacia S. Moreno, Assistant Attorney General for the Environment and Natural Resources Division of the Department of Justice and André Birotte Jr., U.S. Attorney for the Central District of California.

California Woman Pleads Guilty to Feeding Whales in Marine Sanctuary (4/23/13; DOJ)

"A California woman pleaded guilty to illegally feeding killer whales in the wild this Tuesday in federal court in San Jose, Calif., the Department of Justice Environment and Natural Resources Division and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of California announced."
"Shusen Wei, 45, a citizen of China, pleaded guilty today in Miami federal court to charges stemming from his involvement in the smuggling of a carved rhinoceros horn from the United States to China, announced Ignacia S. Moreno, Assistant Attorney General for the Environment & Natural Resources Division, Wifredo A, Ferrer, U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Florida, and William C. Woody, Chief of the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service’s Office of Law Enforcement."

Eight Individuals Indicted for Lacey Act Violations and Other Crimes Relating to the Trafficking of Paddlefish “Caviar” (3/14/13; DOJ)

"Eight individuals face federal charges stemming from a joint U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Missouri Department of Conservation investigation of interstate and international trafficking in paddlefish “caviar,” the Department of Justice Environment and Natural Resources Division and the U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Missouri announced. Arkadiy Lvovskiy, Dmitri Elitchev, Artour Magdessian, Felix Baravik, Petr Babenko, Bogdan Nahapetyan, Fedor Pakhnyuk and Andrew Praskovsky have been charged in four, separate indictments in the Western District of Missouri for acts that occurred in 2011 and 2012."
"Patrick Scott, 47, of Tuba City, Arizona, was sentenced in Phoenix today to 30 days in prison, five months home confinement, one year supervised release and a $2,000 fine for illegally selling golden eagle and other migratory bird parts, a felony criminal offense, announced Ignacia S. Moreno, Assistant Attorney General for the Environment and Natural Resources Division, and John S. Leonardo, U.S. Attorney for the District of Arizona."

Antiques Dealer Sentenced in New York City for Crimes Relating to Illegal Trafficking of Endangered Rhinoceros Horns (2/14/13)

"David Hausman, an antiques dealer in Manhattan, was sentenced today in Manhattan federal court to six months in jail for obstruction of justice and creating false records in connection with illegal rhinoceros horn trafficking, announced Ignacia S. Moreno, Assistant Attorney General for the Environment and Natural Resources Division of the Department of Justice, and Preet Bharara, U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York.'

Colorado Big Game Outfitter Sentenced to Prison for Six Lacey Act Felonies (2/13/13; DOJ)

"Big game hunting outfitter Dennis Eugene Rodebaugh, 72, of Meeker, Colo., was sentenced in Denver today to 41 months in prison to be followed by three years supervised release for six felony counts of violating the Lacey Act, announced the Department of Justice Environment and Natural Resources Division, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Colorado Parks and Wildlife. District Judge Christine M. Arguello also sentenced Rodebaugh, to pay a $7,500 fine to the Lacey Act reward fund and $37,390 in restitution to the state of Colorado for the value of illegally taken elk and deer."

Members of Rhino Smuggling Ring Arrested and Charged  (2/13/13)

"Three people have been charged this week in Newark, Miami and New York City with wildlife smuggling and related charges for their alleged roles in an international rhino horn smuggling ring, the Justice Department announced today. The arrests and charges are the result of “Operation Crash”, a nationwide effort led by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) and the Justice Department to investigate and prosecute those involved in the black market trade of endangered rhinoceros horns."

Developers pay $30,000 for Damaging and Polluting Panguitch Lake (4/5/2012)

EPA "has entered into a Combined Complaint and Consent Agreement (CCCA) and an Administrative Order on Consent (AOC) with Polidori Corporation, Inc., Poli-Gold, LLC, and Veronica Polidori in response to alleged violations of the Clean Water Act at Panguitch Lake in Garfield County, Utah. EPA alleges that Polidori discharged dredged or fill material to the lake and adjacent wetlands, in violation of the Clean Water Act, during the construction of a marina and RV park."

EPA Settles Lawsuit Against North Georgia Landowner for Violations of the Clean Water Act (4/3/2012)

"Between 2004 and 2005, the defendants illegally discharged fill material into waters of the United States by encasing or “piping” portions of four tributaries of Stekoa Creek that run across the Duvall Development Company’s property in Clayton, Ga. Piping streams can destroy valuable aquatic habitats and threaten water quality. The defendants conducted the work without having obtained a required CWA Section 404 permit from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers."

Massachusetts Cranberry Farmers Agree to Restore 26 Acres of Wetlands and Pay $75,000 Penalty (3/5/2012)

"The United States sued the Johnsons in 1999 for grading, filling and altering wetlands at the two sites between 1979 and 1999, without the required Clean Water Act permit issued by the Army Corps of Engineers.  The two sites where the illegal filling took place are in the headwaters of the Weweantic River, which flows from Carver to Buzzards Bay. The Weweantic River estuary is included on Massachusetts’ list of impaired waters."

Cleanup Complete at Hiteman Leather Superfund Site In West Winfield, New York; Site Ready for Redevelopment (2/13/2012)

"The Hiteman Leather Company operated as a tannery on the 12-acre site from 1820 to 1968. By 1964, approximately 180,000 gallons of treated industrial wastewater was being dumped each day from the tannery into three unlined lagoons. The lagoons discharged into the Unadilla River and a nearby wetland. The company was closed in 1968 because it could not meet requirements for the proper management of wastewater. The EPA added the Hiteman Leather site to the Superfund list in 1999 after finding high levels of chromium in the soil on the site and in sediments in the adjacent wetland and river."

Triad Mining, Inc. Clean Water Act Settlement (1/9/2012)

"Triad Mining Inc., the owner  and operator of 31 surface mines in Appalachia and Indiana, has agreed to pay a penalty and to restore affected waterways for failing to obtain the required Clean Water Act (CWA) permit for stream impacts caused by its surface mining operation in Indiana, announced the Department of Justice and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Since 2002, Triad's mining operation has resulted in the unpermitted excavation and filling of more than 53,000 feet of streams that flow into the White River."

Southeast Facilities Ordered to Comply with Clean Water Act; Costs of Restoration and Civil Penalties Total Nearly $1 Million (12/8/2011)

"Over the past fiscal year (Oct. 1, 2010 to Sept. 30, 2011), [EPA] Region 4 has cited 16 entities throughout the Southeast for depositing dredged and/or fill material into waters of the United States in violation of [CWA] Section 404 .... Such unauthorized discharges threaten water quality and damage habitats. As part of the settlements, the responsible parties in Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina and South Carolina will spend an estimated $672,000 on restoration and monitoring activities. Four entities in Florida and Georgia were additionally assessed a total of $320,500 in civil penalties."

EPA Action Preserves One Thousand Acres of Wetlands in Loiza, Puerto Rico (11/9/2011)

"The Puerto Rico Land Authority will preserve 1,000 acres of wetlands as part of an agreement with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Wetlands help prevent flooding and the pollution of rivers, lakes and streams. The wetlands preserved under the settlement, the majority of which are in Loiza just east of San Juan, will now be protected from future commercial and industrial development. The land will be protected through a conservation easement filed under Puerto Rico law to ensure that it will remain undeveloped forever."

Tillamook Dairy Owner to Preserve Hoquarten Slough Wetlands (10/17/2011)

David Hogan, owner of Misty Meadow Dairy in Tillamook, Oregon, has agreed to restore and preserve over 20 acres of historic Sitka Spruce wetlands near Hoquarten Slough, to resolve a federal Clean Water Act violation.

EPA Orders Whately, Mass. Farmer to Restore Damaged Wetlands (10/7/2010)

EPA has ordered the restoration of more than 17 acres of freshwater wetlands in Whately, Mass. The forested and scrub wetlands were altered in the course of preparing land for new farm fields.

Vermont Ski Area Pays Penalty for Wetlands Violations (9/30/2011)

A Vermont ski resort has agreed to pay $80,000 for wetlands violations to settle claims by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency that it violated the federal Clean Water Act when it filled in just over two acres of wetlands and streams and failed to obtain proper permits from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

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